Terms in this set (56)
Human characteristics are
Triadic reciprocal causation model
includes behavioral, environment, and personal factories- through this model people have the capacity to regulate their lives
-two important factors of this model are chance encounters and fortuitous events
humans have the capacity to exercise control over the nature and quality of their lives
proxy agency: people are able to rely on others for goods and services
Collective efficacy: people's shared beliefs that they can bring about change
People regulate their conduct thought
external and internal factors
When people find themselves in morally ambiguous situations they typically attempt to regulate their behavior through
observation allows people to learn without performing any behavior
Core of observational learning-
Learning through modeling involves adding or subtracting rom the observed behavior and generalizing from one observation to another
Four processes that govern observational learning
We are more likely to observe individuals with whom we frequently associate
Also we are likely to observe attractive models
Symbolic representation: remembering the new response pattern
Producing the observed behavior
observational learning is most effective when learners are motivated to perform the modeled behavior
learned through thinking about and evaluating the consequences of their behaviors
unintended meeting of persons unfamiliar to each other
an environmental experience that is unexpected and unintended
Core features of human agency
Humans have the capacity to exhibit control over their lives; people are self regulating proactive self reflective, and self organizing and they have the power to influence their own actions to produce desired consequences
beliefs that they can or cannot execute behavior necessary to produce desired outcome
influence what courses of action they choose to pursue how much effort they will invest in activities and how long they will persevere in the face of obstacles and failure
concern with sources of self-efficacy
past accomplishments- usually success raises and failures lowers
vicarious experiences- comparison with others like yourself
social influence- from believable people with some authority
Most influential sources of self-efficacy
successful performance raises efficacy expectancies
vicarious experiences provided by other people.
person must believe persuader
physical and emotional status
indirect control over those social conditions that affect every day living- relying on other people to repair their objects
people's shared beliefs in their collective power to produce desired results
Internal factors of self regulation
self-regulatory influences are not automatic but operate only if they are activated
Disengagement of internal control
allow people to engage inhumane behaviors while retaining their moral standards
Bandura believes that human functioning is a product of the mutual interaction of environment, person, and
Bandura's social cognitive theory takes _____ perspective.
Bandura decided to major in psychology after he
enrolled in a psychology class because it fit into his schedule
Bandura believes that learning
can occur by watching models
According to Bandura, there are two major types of learning—observational and
Modeling is enhanced when the person being modeled is
of high status
According to Bandura, reinforcement
can facilitate learning
Knowing we can rely on others to reliably provide goods and services is referred to as
The primary component of Bandura's P factor is
Chance encounters enter the triadic reciprocal causation paradigm at this point.
According to Bandura, four core features of human agency are
Intentionality, forethought, self-reactiveness & self-reflection
People's expectations that they are capable of performing a behavior that will produce desired outcomes in any particular situation is called
Which technique is LEAST likely to increase a person's self-efficacy?
increased emotional arousal
Carlos has great confidence in himself as a hairdresser. However, the economy in his city has recently turned downward, and few people can afford a hairdresser. When Carlos applies for a job at Mr. Dan's Hair Salon, he will likely have high _______ and low _______.
self-efficacy; outcome expectations
Which of these is MOST likely to decrease self-efficacy?
increased emotional arousal
Low self-efficacy and an unresponsive environment are MOST likely to result in
apathy and feelings of helplessness.
The efficacy of many people working together to bring about social change is called
Taylor, like most people, relies on auto mechanics, air conditioning repairmen, network news, and hundreds of other people who enhance her lifestyle. In so doing, Taylor is making use of
External factors in self regulation include
a. standards for self evaluation
b. the means for reinforcement
According to Bandura, the first requirement for self-regulation is
Which of the following contribute to disengagement of internal control?
a. Blaming the victim c. palliative comparisons
b. Minimizing consequences
Bandura believes that personal conduct is controlled by
the triadic reciprocal causation paradigm.
The study by Bandura, Ross, and Ross involving young children and a Bobo doll found that
children exposed to an aggressive cartoon character were more aggressive than children not subjected to an aggressive model.
children exposed to an aggressive live model were more aggressive than children not subjected to an aggressive live model.
The ultimate goal of social-cognitive therapy is
self regulation is also affected by values and standards via
Comparisons with others
we are more likely to model people who are
warm and nurturing
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