World History- Unit 5
Terms in this set (91)
Policy of glorifying military power, preparing army.
Germany, Austria, Hungary and Italy in 1882.
Britain, France, and Russia in 1907.
Germany, Austria -Hungary and other nations.
Britain, France, Russia and other nations.
Heavy battle zone in Northern France.
German plan to defeat France, then fight Russia.
Armies fighting in trenches, small land gains and lots of death.
Site of main fighting along the German-Russian border.
Nations devote all resources to war.
Limiting Purchases of war related goods.
One sided information to build morale support for the war.
End of fighting (signed November 1918).
U.S president from 1913 to 1921. President during WW1.
A 14 step program for world peace created by Woodrow Wilson.
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty at the end of WW1. Ended war between Germany and allies.
League of Nations
An organization founded in 1920 as a result of the Paris peace conference that ended WW1.
Working class people (Marxism)
Marxists who favor revolution by a small committed group.
Founder of Russian communist party. First head of the Soviet Union.
Emergency government set up when a government has collapsed.
Ruled by terror. Stalin takes over.
All property is publicly owned and everyone is paid equally.
Leader of the Soviet Union from mid 1920s until 1953. Basically communist dictator.
A campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1938.
An economy in which production, investment, prices, income, etc. are determined by the government.
5 Year Plans
A list of economic goals created by Stalin between 1928 and 1932.
A jointly operated farm, made up of several small farms owned by the government.
Democracy established in 1919 in Germany to replace the German empire.
Longest lasting economic downturn after stop market crash on Wall Street. (1929-1939)
New political movement. Emphasizes nationalism and loyalty to authoritarian leader.
Racist party leader promises to rescue Italy. Takes firm control.
Obscure political figure in 1920s Germany.
German brand of fascism.
Hitler's book detailing beliefs and goals.
The territory that a state or nation believes is needed for its natural development.
Conceding to aggression.
Germany, Italy, Japan, Romania, and Bulgaria.
A policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups or countries.
Germany during the Nazi regime. 1933-1945
Conference held in Munich on September 29-29 1938. The leaders of Britain, France, and Italy allowed Germany to annex areas of Czechoslovakia.
Germany and So vote Union sign a pact to take no military action against each other for 10 years.
An intense military campaign intended to bring swift victory.
Prime minister of the U.K.
Battle of Britain
The WW2 defense of the U.K by Royal surf force against an attack by German Air Force.
Policy statement that defined allied goals for the post WW2.
A surprise military strike by the Japanese Navy. Sent the U.S into WW2.
A massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich. "The night of the broken glass"
A section of the city in which Jews were confined and restricted to live behind walls, fences, or barbed wire.
The Nazi policy of exterminating Jews. Resulted in the murder of 6 million Jews.
The deliberate killing of a large group of people.
Battle of Stalingrad
Major WW2 battle in which Nazi Germany and allies fought the Soviet Union for the city of Stalingrad.
Battle of the Bulge
German offensive campaign launched trough Belgium, France and Luxembourg toward the end of the war.
A series of trial shelf in which allies prosecuted Germany for crimes they committed during WW2.
The reduction of a nations military, weapons, etc. Usually result of a peace treaty.
The transition to a more democratic political cooperation.
An intergovernmental organization to promote international cooperation.
The barrier separating the former soviet bloc and the west after the decline of communism.
The action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits.
The principle that the US should give support to countries or people threatened by soviet forces. Expressed by Truman.
An American initiative to aid Western Europe.
Political and military tension after WW2. Characterized by threats, propaganda, and arms races.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Composed of US, Canada, Britain and many other countries.
A military alliance of communist nations in Eastern Europe.
The practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to limits of safety before stopping.
In your opinion, which was the most important influence in setting the stage for World War 1- Nationalism, Imperialism, or the Alliance System? Explain.
Militarism and alliances. When building a military and keeping it strong was a sign that the country was ready to fight.
Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front during World War 1?
It developed from French warfare. There wasn't much movement so it made it difficult to gain territory.
Why did Russia withdraw from World War 1?
Russia withdrew because Lenin came in and their government collapsed. The US came in because of the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmermann note.
Why did the United States enter World War 1?
The Germans launched a campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare against the US.
What groups opposed the Treaty of VersAilles? Why?
The central forces opposed the treaty because the treaty aimed at punishing them as well.
Who was forced to assume sole responsibility for the Wrold War 1 under the Treaty of Versailles?
What was the purpose of trench warfare?
Trench warfare was a defensive strategy. The initiative is to protect your trench and take the enemies.
World War 1 is considered a major turning point In history. How did the war change the nature of warfare, the map of Europe, and the outlook of Modern Society.
The technology used in World War 1 changed warfare. Some examples of the war changing Europe's map is that Poland became a country and Germany lost land. Overall, the people thought this war would bring peace and end all other wars.
Why did the Bolshevik Revolution succeed after earlier revolutions had failed?
They had Lenin as a leader who led the working class to be capable of making decisions in government.
What role did fear play in causing and prolonging the Great Depression?
Consumers confidence and investments decrease, causing the economy to collapse.
What were two ways in which the defects of World War 1 continued to be felt in the decades that followed it? Explain.
It lead to a depression all around Europe while the US made new weapons. It also led to WW2 eventually.
What were the social and economic conditions in Europe in the years right after World War 2?
There were more than 40 million dead, cities were destroyed, difficult to find food, unemployment, etc.
How did World War 2 affect civilians around the world?
Millions of civilians were killed and wounded. Those who weren't had to make sacrifices for the war effort.
What is one thing that Hitler or the Germans did that, in your opinion, was an important cause of Germany's defeat during World War 2?
Hitler sent his troops into Russia during harsh weather and was defeated severely.
What single event set in motion the start of World War 1?
The assassination of the heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne.
Was World War 1 avoidable? Why or why not?
No. With all of the alliances being formed and tension building, it was a matter of time before a country declared war.
What was the goal of the 14 points?
To crest world peace.
Why was the Balkans known as the "powder keg" of Europe?
Because of the constant disagreements regarding land distribution and the extreme sense of nationalism.
How was World War 1 a total war?
All of the countries's resources and efforts were going toward the war.
What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
To provide forum for resolving international disputes.
How did World War 1 help to bring about the Russian Revolution?
The war caused inflation in the country from war costs, causing many people to rebel.
What are some ways totalitarian rulers keep their power?
They brainwash people with propaganda and make them believe that a dictator is the best thing for them.
Why did the leadership of many Eastern nations fall to dictator?
These countries had no democratic experience and because of the severe economic conditions many Europeans saw dictatorship as the only way.
What Nazi action marked the final stage of the Final Solution?
Nazis built "death camps" in which they could kill as many as 6,000 Jews a day.
Why do you think many Europeans favored communism after World War 2?
There was so little food and money after the war, and they needed a solution.
How was the Cuban Missile Crisis revolved?
Spy planes photographed nuclear missile sights in Cuba. President Kennedy eventually reached an agreement with the Soviets.
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