strengths and weakness of the article of confederation
Terms in this set (17)
To declare war and make peace, to coin and borrow money, to detail with foreign countries and sign treaties, to operate post offices
1. The national government could not force the states to obey its law, 2. it did not have the power to tax, 3. it did not have the power to enforce laws, 4. congress lacked strong and steady leadership,5. there was no national army or navy,6. there was no system of national courts,7. each state could issue its own paper money. 8. each state could put tariffs on trade between states.
Northwest Ordinance 1787
1. legislation provided for the rapid and orderly expansion of the new nation across the continent. 2. borders are the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. 3. 60,000 residents apply for statehood. 4. No slavery north of the Ohio river. 5. guaranteed freedom of religion and trial by jury. 6. townships were six miles by 6 miles-36 section one section was for school.
Where: Pennsylvania state house was in Philadelphia.
Purpose: to work out a new government system and laws.
When: May-July of 1787 hot and humid.
Person in charge: George Washington
Who attended: 55 delegates from 12 colonies. Rhode island did not send a representative because they feared a strong central government.
People NOT there: John Adams was in Great Britain.
Thomas Jefferson was in France.
Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams did not go because a strong central government would endanger state rights.
People THERE: Politicians and lawyers no one to represent the common man.
James Madison: Representative from Virginia because of his notes we have primary source for what happened at Constitutional Convention.
Rules of the Constitutional convention
Representatives wanted to speak their minds and did not want any outside interference
Beliefs that should be included in the Constitution
1. Rights to life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
2. People should have a say in the government
3. Representatives agreed that the government should be republic.
State Representation: the Virginia Plan
1. This plan was promoted by the delegates from Virginia.
2. They stated that representation should be based on population.
3. Stated that there should be three branches with different jobs.
4. Congress would be split into 2 houses.
State Representation: The New Jersey Plan
1. Purposed by New Jersey and the smaller states.
2. Each state would get 1 representative.
3. There would be three branches of government, but congress would have just one house
State Representation: The Great Compromise
There would be 3 branches of the government ; Congress would have 2 houses , one based on population and one based on equal representation.
(Senate) 2 representatives from each state
Three Branches of government
1. Executive Branch-President, his Cabinet and Vice President enforce the laws.
2.Judicial Branch-court system to interpret the laws.
3. Legislative Branch-made up House of Rep. and Senate known as Congress the make the laws.
Should slaves be counted in the population? South wanted to count them because it gave them more representation in the House of Rep. North did not like it so they compromise that every 3 out of 5 slaves would count in the population.
States decided to let congress control trade but could not place taxes on exports and not to interfere with the slave trade for 20 years.
Choosing the President
1. 2 arguments for how many people should be in charge:
a. some people said one person, but this scared people because it reminded them of a king.
b. Some people 3, so that they could keep each other in check.
2. They finally decided on one person who was kept in check by congress and the people.
1. The Chief -Executive would be called the president.
2. His term would be limited and not life long.
3. A vice President would be elected in case president death.
4. he would be kept in check by congress , but he would also keep an eye on Congress.
Choosing a President
1. Congress decided that they could not choose the president so that" they could not hold it over his head"
2. The people could not choose because they would likely vote for someone from their state, which was unfair to the small states.
The Solution , The Electoral College
1. The Electoral College is equal to the number of the representatives in the house and senate.
2. Each state has a number of votes equal to their representatives.
3. When a candidate wins the popular vote for a state, they win that state's electoral votes.
4. A candidate MUST win the electoral vote to win the Presidency.
The Convention Ends
1. On September17, 1787 the authors finished the Constitution.
2. It went to the states and 9 states had to agree to it for it to count.
3. On June 21, 1788 the Constitution was placed into law and new government was formed.
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