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Chapter 18: Life in the Era of Expansion Main Ideas
Terms in this set (5)
What changes occurred in marriage and the family in the course of the eighteenth century?
- people married until they had a career and could support themselves.
- people who were part of apprenticeships were not allowed to marry.
- people could choose who their partners would.
- unmarried people couldn't wait to have sex.
- a lot of illegitimate births occurred because people had sex before marriage.
- some men promised women marriage but did not go through with it and left women impregnated.
- people used to method of coitus interruptus. (Withdrawn by the male before ejaculation aka pulling out.)
- same sex relations occurred with men and women.
- high class men got away with being gay as long as they had heirs.
What was life like for children, and how did attitudes toward children evolve?
- abortion was illegal so women had babies secretly and then smothered them. If they were caught the punishment was death.
- In cities they establish foundling houses for infants.
- thousands of infants were left at foundling homes (orphanages.)
- a lot of infants died in infancy or in childhood.
- it soon became mandatory for children 6-12 to attend school five hours a day for five days a week. (Issued edict by Maria Theresa.)
How did increasing literacy and new patterns of consumption affect people's lives?
- more people in Scotland, France, and England became literate.
- people read different types of books. (Religious texts, entertainment)
- Thomas Paine wrote "Common Sense": shows how common people influenced Enlightenment ideals.
- even though more people were literate, they still relied on oral culture and not written texts.
- leisure time was spent watching blood sports and carnival.
- people's diets consisted of bread, vegetables, fruit, and dairy products.
- there was a variety in crops.
- consumer revolution
What were the patterns of popular religion, and how did they interact with the world view of the educated public and their Enlightenment ideals?
- John Wesley
- enlightenment impact: a belief in God but not an organized religion.
How did the practice of medicine evolve in the eighteenth century?
- surgeries became better but also lead to infections because the surgeries were performed in unsanitary places.
- male doctors saw midwives as illiterate.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 17: The Expansion of Europe Main Ideas
Chapter 24: The West and the World Main Ideas
Chapter 19: Revolution in Politics Main Ideas
Chapter 21: Ideologies and Upheavals Main Ideas
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