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60 terms

Chapter 17 : Blood

Human Anatomy and Physiology 8th Edition Marieb
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All of the following can be expected with polycythemia except ________.
low blood viscosity
A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristic of ________.
pernicious anemia
Which of the following is not a phase of hemostasis?
fibrinolysis
Blood is a ________.
suspension
What is the average normal pH range of blood?
7.35-7.45
James has a hemoglobin measurement of 16 g/100 ml blood. This is ________.
within normal range.
Which of the following is true about blood plasma?
It is about 90% water.
Thromboembolic disorders ________.
include embolus formation, a clot moving within the circulatory system
Sickling of red blood cells can be produced in those with sickle-cell anemia by ________.
travel at high altitude and vigorous exercise
Place the following in correct developmental sequence:
1. reticulocyte
2. proerythroblast
3. normoblast
4. late erythroblast
2, 4, 3, 1
The slowest step in the clotting process is ________.
formation of prothrombin activator
Which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis?
hypoxia of EPO-producing cells
Complications of aplastic anemia generally do not include ________.
increase of leukocytes as a result of erythrocyte loss
Which blood type is called the universal donor?
O
The most abundant plasma protein is ________.
albumin
Hemorrhagic anemias result from blood loss.
True
A condition of leukocytosis indicates over 11,000 white blood cells per cubic millimeter in the blood.
True
Myelocytic leukemia involves a cancerous condition of lymphocytes.
False
Diapedesis is the process by which red blood cells move into tissue spaces from the interior of blood capillaries.
False
Basophils increase in number when parasitic invasion occurs.
False
Platelets ________.
stick to the damaged area of a blood vessel and help seal the break
Select the correct statement regarding blood cell formation.
Red marrow is the main site of blood cell formation throughout adult life.
When can erythroblastosis fetalis not possibly happen in the child of an Rh negative mother?
if the father is Rh-
Which of these is not a normal plasma protein?
Thromboplastin
As red blood cells age ________.
membranes "wear out" and the cells become damaged
What organ in the body regulates erythrocyte production?
Kidney
The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cells is ________.
Hemoglobin F
An individual who is blood type AB negative can ________.
receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen
Which of the following is a protective function of blood?
maintenance of body temperature
No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in ________.
monocytes
Which of the following is not a cause of bleeding disorders?
excess secretion of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)
Which of the statements below is an incorrect or false statement?
Blood typing for the Kell, Lewis, and Duffy factors is always done before a blood transfusion.
Which of the following is a regulatory function of blood?
maintenance of normal pH in body tissues
All of the following conditions impair coagulation except ________.
vascular spasm
Which of the choices below is the parent cell for all formed elements of blood?
pluripotent stem cell (hemocytoblast)
Each heme contains an atom of iron and can transport one molecule of oxygen.
True
The immediate response to blood vessel injury is clotting.
False
Positive chemotaxis is a feedback system that signals leukocyte migration into damaged areas.
True
All lymphocytes are leukocytes, but not all leukocytes are lymphocytes.
True
Leukopenia is an abnormally low number of leukocytes.
True
Fred's blood was determined to be AB positive. What does this mean?
There are no antibodies to A, to B, or to Rh antigens in the plasma.
When neither anti-A sera nor anti-B sera clot on a blood plate with donor blood, the blood is type ________.
O
Which sequence is correct for the following events?
1. fibrinogen → fibrin
2. clot retraction
3. formation of thromboplastin
4. prothrombin → thrombin
3, 4, 1, 2
Which of the following is a pivotal molecule associated with the external surfaces of aggregated platelets and is involved in the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of blood clotting?
PF3
Which of the following is characteristic of all leukocytes?
They are nucleated.
Blood volume restorers include all of the following except ________.
packed cells
The slowest step in the clotting process is ________.
formation of prothrombin activator
Sickling of red blood cells can be produced in those with sickle-cell anemia by ________.
travel at high altitude and vigorous exercise
Which of the following is a regulatory function of blood?
maintenance of normal pH in body tissues
The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cells is ________.
hemoglobin F
What organ in the body regulates erythrocyte production?
kidney
Blood is a ________.
suspension
A lack of intrinsic factor, leading to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and large pale cells called macrocytes, is characteristic of ________.
pernicious anemia
An individual who is blood type AB negative can ________.
receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen
No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in ________.
monocytes
The RBC "graveyard" is the liver.
False
A person with type B blood could receive blood from a person with either type B or type O blood.
True
Hemoglobin is made up of the protein heme and the red pigment globin.
False
The process of fibrinolysis disposes of bacteria when healing has occurred.
False
White blood cells are produced through the action of colony-stimulating factors.
True