every population in the group has a chance to be selected and will represent population it was taken from:
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Terms in this set (43)
• Divide population of units into homogeneous groups and take a simple random sample
from each of the strata. Example: Want to know how UCI undergraduate
students feel about shuttle service. Stratify by
Housing Area:
- Take simple random sample from each of 8 strata - the
seven housing areas (Arroyo Vista, Campus Village,
Mesa Court, Middle Earth, Vista del Campo, Vista del
Campo Norte, Camino del Sol), and commuters.
Other examples:
- When measuring weight, stratify by sex (male/female).
- When measuring women's opinions on men, stratify
by marital status (married/single/divorced/widowed).
Divide population of units into small
heterogeneous groups (called clusters), take a
simple random sample of clusters. and survey EVERYONE in the randomly chosen clusters. • A cluster typically comprises units that are
physically close to each other in some way, but
still have variability in the variables of interest.

- For a survey of UCI students, use classes as
clusters when measuring hours of sleep.
- When measuring length of lunch breaks in a very
large office building, use floors as clusters.