Terms in this set (50)
parallel mountain ranges
plain with high elevation
steep cliff or slope
vast grasslands of Colombia and Venezuela
vast grasslands of Argentina and Uruguay
cowboys of the pampas region
electricity generated from the energy of moving water
an area where the tide meets a river current
broad-leafed and needle-leafed evergreen trees that are so close together that their crowns form a dense continuous layer of leaves
land that lies between the tree line and the snow line at the highest elevation within the Andes Mountains located at an altitude of approximately 15,000 feet.
land that lies at elevations between sea level and 2,500 feet with average annual temperatures in these coastal areas and foothills range from 68 degree - 91 degree F. The main crops include bananas, sugar, rice, and cocao.
land that lies between 2,500-6,500 feet with average annual temperatures ranging from 6 degree - 72 degree F. The vegetation includes broad-leafed evergreen trees at lower levels give way to needle-leafed, cone-bearing evergreens at upper levels and the main crops are coffee and com. This is the most densely populated of the vertical climate zones.
land that lies between 6,500-10,000 feet. Frosts are common during winter months, however, crops such as potatoes and barley grow well here. Conditions are more difficult fro agriculture or human habitation.
those that descended from an area's first inhabitants.
forms of a language unique to a particular place or group.
dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages.
the migration of people from the countryside to cities, and the change from a rural society to city life accompanies this movement.
cities with more than 10 million people
an urban area that dominates its country's economy, culture, and political affairs and serves as central locations for gathering, collecting, and shipping resources overseas. They are especially powerful magnets for rural migrants seeking a higher standard of living.
picture writings carved in stone on temples to honor their deities and record their history
floating islands made from large rafts covered with mud from the lake bottom
a series of knotted cords of various colors and lengths; each knot represented a different item or number.
royally officials appointed by the conquering European administrators
a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into a single faith
pictures or designs made by setting small bits of colored stone, tile, or shell into mortar
includes grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
a serious condition condition caused by lack of proper food
a fast paced game (like handball), played with a ball and a long curved basket strapped to each player's wrist.
to sell to other countries
rural farmers and workers
large agricultural estates owned by wealthy families or corporations.
small plots of land intensively farmed by rural farmers to feed their families
crops produced in large quantities to be sold or traded
countries that are working toward greater manufacturing and technology use (LDC)
provide assistance or amenity rather than goods
factories that lie along the US-Mexico border especially new the Mexican cities of Ciudad Juarez and Tijuana where they employ many Mexicans and benefit US corporations by allowing them to hire low-cost labor and to produce duty-free exports (and often ignores labor and environmental protections laws, damaging the environment and encouraging low-paying or dangerous jobs.
agreement between the US, Mexico, and Canada signed in 1991 that gradually reduced trade restrictions and increased the flow of goods, services, and people among these countries - after it was implemented, trade among these three countries grew by 10-15% annually.
technological and economic growth that does not deplete the human and natural resources of a given area.
clearing or destruction of woodland areas
farmers cut down all plants and strip any trees of bark, after they have dried out, they are then set on fire; the ash from the fire puts nutrients into the soil. Unfortunately, frequent rains leach away the benefits, and within 1-2 years, the soil loses its fertility or is washed away causing crop yields to decline, and farmers move on to clear new parts of the forest.
the planting of young trees or the seeds of trees on the land that has been stripped
makeshift communities for the poor on the edges of cities that lack running water and underground sewage systems, thus often spreading diseases rapidly - known in different cities by different names like the favelas of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janerio, the barriadas of Bogota, and the villas miserias of Buenos Aries. These homes often rest on very dangerous slopes and wetlands where mudslides, floods, and other natural disasters can wipe out entire communities.
a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming
a rapidly-rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain
a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that periodically develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean
visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural area, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism. Its purpose may be to educate the traveler, to provide funds for ecological conservation, to directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities, or to foster respect for different cultures and for human rights.