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Asocial Phase

Birth-6 weeks old.

Phase of indiscriminate attachments

6 weeks- 6/7 mos.

Specific attachment Phase

6/7 - 9mos.

Phase of multiple attachments

9 mos. and up.


Because infants cognitive skills allow them to: development of "object permanence."


Because mother feed infants (oral gratification).


Because it's evolutionarily adaptive.


His attachment styles are: Secure, Avoidant, Resistant, and Disorganized.

Secure attachment

Explores while with mom. Is distressed by there leaving, and is glad to see her and comforted when she returns.

Avoidant Attachment

Infants tend to avoid or ignore their caregiver. They do not become distressed when she leaves, they don't approach her when she returns.

Resistant Attachment

Infants explore very little and become distressed when caregiver leaves. However, they will stay near but resist comforting when she returns.

Disorganized Attachment

The most insecure because caregiver is neglectful/abusive and source of comfort. Intense approach/avoidance.

Bowlby's stages after separation

Protest phase, phase of despair, detachment phase, permanent withdrawal from human relationships.

Secure attachments: both parents

Infants fare better than infants with only one secure attachment. They have better emotion regulation skills in childhood, better school performance, and better peer relationships.

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