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14 terms

Establishing Intimate Relationships

STUDY
PLAY
Asocial Phase
Birth-6 weeks old.
Phase of indiscriminate attachments
6 weeks- 6/7 mos.
Specific attachment Phase
6/7 - 9mos.
Phase of multiple attachments
9 mos. and up.
Piaget
Because infants cognitive skills allow them to: development of "object permanence."
Freud
Because mother feed infants (oral gratification).
Bowlby
Because it's evolutionarily adaptive.
Ainsworth
His attachment styles are: Secure, Avoidant, Resistant, and Disorganized.
Secure attachment
Explores while with mom. Is distressed by there leaving, and is glad to see her and comforted when she returns.
Avoidant Attachment
Infants tend to avoid or ignore their caregiver. They do not become distressed when she leaves, they don't approach her when she returns.
Resistant Attachment
Infants explore very little and become distressed when caregiver leaves. However, they will stay near but resist comforting when she returns.
Disorganized Attachment
The most insecure because caregiver is neglectful/abusive and source of comfort. Intense approach/avoidance.
Bowlby's stages after separation
Protest phase, phase of despair, detachment phase, permanent withdrawal from human relationships.
Secure attachments: both parents
Infants fare better than infants with only one secure attachment. They have better emotion regulation skills in childhood, better school performance, and better peer relationships.