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49 terms

Cardiovascular System

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automated external defibrillator
AED stands for?
64
AED saved ___% of people it was recently used on
5-7
without AED, __-__% survive sudden cardiac arrest
10
each minute the odds of survival shrink by __%
irreversible
after 6 minutes, brain damage is _____
ventricular tachycardia; ventricular fibrillation
sudden cardiac arrest can result from an accelerated heartbeat, ___________, or a chaotic and irregular heartbeat, _________
artery; scar tissue
electrical malfunction that usually causes cardiac arrest may result from an _____ blocked or from buildup of ______ from a previous heart attack
heart attack
myocardial infraction is _____
brady
slow (pre/suff)
diastol
dilation (pre/suff)
systol
contraction (pre/suff)
tachy
rapid (pre/suff)
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
mitral valve prolapse
a condition in which one or both of the cusps of the mitral valve stretches and bulges into the left atrium during ventricular contractions
thrombus
a clot or embolus that blocks or narrows a coronary artery branch of the heart
chest pain
what is Angina Pectoris?
heart attack
what is a myocardial infarction?
anastomosis
connection between two blood vessels
asystole
failure of the myocardium to contract
congestive heart failure
inability of the left ventricle to pump adequate blood to the cells
palpitation
awareness of a heartbeat that is unusually rapid, strong, or irregular
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein, usually in the lower limbs
pulmonary veins
the only oxygenated veins
pulmonary artery
the only deoxygenated arteries
heart
coronary arteries supply blood to the ____
septum
the heart is divided into 2 parts by the ____
myocardium
muscular wall of the heart
capillaries
blood vessels with the smallest diameter
veins
blood vessel that have valves to prevent backflow
SA node
node in the heart that is referred to as the pacemaker
veins
vessels that carry blood to the heart
arteries
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
capillaries
tiny blood vessels with walls that are only one cell thick
pulmonary vein
only vein in the body rick in oxygen
pulmonary artery
only artery in the body rich in carbon dioxide
pericardium
tissue that forms a loose fitting sac around the heart
platelets
clotting of blood is aided by ____
plasma
clear, straw colored liquid in blood
5
average adult has a blood volume of about ___ liters
lymphatic system
returns fluid to blood
plasma
liquid part of the blood
SA node
structure that consists of self exciting tissue
bradycardia
abnormally slow heart rate
tachycardia
abnormally fast heart rate
coronary arteries
blood is supplied to the myocardium by means of _____
AED
can save the life of a person suffering sudden cardiac arrest
contraction
Lubb sound occurs during ventricular _____
relaxation
Dupp sound occurs during ventricular _____
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dont forget to study blood flow! [put -- in the answer box]