8 terms

Scientific Revolution

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Copernicus
-was a spanish astronomer
-in 1491 he began his career at a university in Poland
-Discovered that earth orbits around the sun
- Also discovered that earth rotates on its axis
Kepler
-A german astronomer
-Used mathematics to support Copernicus theory
-Discovered that planets do not always move at the same speed and have elliptical orbits
Galileo
-He made next discovery in Scientific Revolution
-He thought heavy objects fall faster than objects that weigh less
-But that wasn't correct
-He found that other planets have moons
-Swinging pendulum
-Water thermometer
Newton
-English mathematician
-The apple falling led to the idea of gravity
-Laws of motion
-Calculus
Descartes
-Wrote a book called Discourse on Method
-In book, studied what is true
-To find the truth, he ignored everything he had learned and start over
-" I think, therefore I am"
-Is viewed as the founder of modern rationalism
-This is the belief that reason is the main source of knowledge
Pascal
-Studied science
-Religious man
-Believed that the solution to moral problems and spiritual truth could come only from faith in christian teachings
-Reason and scientific ideas based on experiments could solve many practical problems
Scientific Revolution
16, 17, 18 centuries.
What is the importance of the scientific revolution?
emphasis on reason
observation of nature
creation of the scientific method