The Crucible Study Guide
This set of cards is to help you study for your upcoming test on Act 1 of The Crucible. This set is not for a grade, but it will help you to be prepared for the character identification section of the test.
Terms in this set (130)
a slave from Barbados
Reverend Parris' niece, hates Elizabeth Proctor, drank blood to kill Goody Proctor
the Proctors' current servant girl
the Putnam's servant girl, was naked in the forest
screams upon hearing the Lord's name
a seventy-two year old woman, thinks the girls are going through their "silly seasons"
the "sickly wife"
sues many villagers of Salem, his wife reads "strange books", "a crank and a nuisance", an eighty-three year old man
an expert on "demonic arts"
father of the seven children who died shortly after birth, thinks he owns more land than he does
a graduate of Harvard, preaches hellfire
doesn't attend church regularly, tells Abigail, "We never touched"
tells Rev. Parris that the doctor can find no medical cause for Betty's illness
arbitrates disputes as though he were an unofficial judge
Where does this play take place?
Betty reveals that Abigail drank a charm to kill _______
Why is Reverend Parris reluctant to tell people that someone in his house may be bewitched?
He feels his enemies will use the information to destroy his reputation
Who lose 7 babies?
Who had an affair with John Proctor?
Who is in a land dispute?
Thomas Putnam and John Proctor
Who does Abigail first accuse of witchcraft
Why did Tituba confess to meeting with the devil?
She feared she would be killed if she didn't confess
Who believes that the adults are overreacting and need to give the girls time to calm down and come to their senses?
Who is supposed to be an expert in recognizing witchcraft?
What gift did Mary Warren give Elizabeth
a doll (poppet)
What was the evidence against Sarah Good
she mumbled when begging for food, she couldn't recite the commandments, she confessed to witchcraft
Why does Elizabeth think that Abby wants to kill her?
She believes Abby wants to take her place as Proctor's wife
Why did Hale come to Proctor's house?
He wanted to question them about their Christian nature
What things are suspicious about Proctor and his family?
They don't attend church regularly, their youngest son hasn't been baptized, he couldn't recite all the commandments
On what charge was Rebecca Nurse arrested?
The murder of Goody Putnam's (Mrs. Putnam) babies
Why does Cheever come to the Proctor house?
To arrest Elizabeth
What is the deciding factor in Elizabeth's arrest?
Her possession of the poppet with the needle
What will happen to Proctor if he discredits Abby or reveals she's lying?
She will tell they had an affair
Why doesn't Mary Warren want to testify about the doll?
She's afraid of Abigail
What is a crucible?
Pot or vessel used for melting metals to test them for purity
Why has Reverend Parris sent for a doctor at the beginning of the play?
His daughter Betty is sick
What does Parris ask Abby about?
If her and her friends conjured spirits and dealt with the devil in the forest
What did Parris see in the woods the previous night?
Girls dancing, someone running naked, Tituba waving her arms and chanting
Why does Abby say she was dismissed by the Proctors?
They wanted her to work like a slave, Mrs. Proctor hates her
In reality she had an affair with Proctor
What does Betty say happened in the woods?
Abby drank blood, Abby wanted to put a spell on Mrs. Proctor
What threat does Abby make to the other girls?
To do horrific things to them at night, hurt them
What happened in the past between Proctor and Abby? How do they feel about it now?
They had an affair
Abigail: wants to be with John, still loves him
John: doesn't like Abby wants to forget about it
How does Proctor feel about Parris
he doesn't like him because preaches about hell and complains about his salary
What is the dispute between Proctor and Thomas Putnam?
They were arguing over who got a certain piece of land
What does Giles reveal to Hale?
His wife reads strange books and he thinks she's a witch
When Abby is questioned by Hale who does she blame? What proof does she offer?
Tituba; making her drink blood, laughing during prayer, corrupting Abby's dreams
What ultimatum is Tituba given?
To confess to being a witch or she'll be whipped to death
Who does Tituba accuse of being a witch?
Sarah Good and Goody Osborne
Why does Abby start accusing people at this point?
She wanks to be marked as good not bad, get the attention off of herself
Why does Betty start accusing people?
To get herself out of trouble
Why has Mary Warren disobeyed the Proctors and gone to Salem?
She's an official of the court accusing people of being witches
What does Abby reveal to Proctor? Elizabeth reminds him of this
He needs to say what the girls were doing in the woods wasn't witchcraft
What lie does Proctor tell Elizabeth which makes her more suspicious about him?
He had been at Parris' house and said he wasn't alone with Abigail but he actually was
What news does Mary Warren reveal to John and Elizabeth about the trials?
39 people have been accused, Goody Osborne is going to be hung because she won't confess
What does Mary Warren mean when she says, "I saved her life today!"?
Elizabeth was accused of being a witch by Abby but M.W said she hadn't seen anything suspicious
What does Elizabeth realize when she finds out she's been accused?
Abigail wants her dead in order to marry John
What does Elizabeth ask John to do?
To go to Abby and tell her there's nothing between him and her
Why does Hale visit the Proctors?
To get his own opinion of their home
What does Hale ask Proctor to do?
List the 10 commandments
Discuss the meaning of "Adultery, John"
That was the commandment he had forgotten and the person who reminded him of that was the person he had commited adultery against
What info does John reveal to Hale?
Abby had admitted to him there was no witchcraft in the woods
What has Rebecca Nurse been accused of?
Murdering Goody Putnam's 7 babies
Why do Cheever and Herrick arrive at the Proctor home?
To arrest Elizabeth
Why is Cheever astonished and afraid when he finds the poppet with the needle in it?
Abby had a needle in her side that afternoon and this poppet had a needle in its side, thinks Elizabeth is doing witchcraft (think voodoo dolls)
What does John ask Mary Warren to do?
Go to court and say she made the poppet and gave it to Elizabeth
Why is Mary afraid to do as he says?
She's scared of Abby and thinks Abby will hurt her
What does John decide to do?
To have Mary Warren speak anyways
As Act III is opening, what accusation does Giles Corey make?
Thomas Putnam is trying to gain land
What news do we learn about Rebecca Nurse?
She's been trialed and found of being a witch, will be hung
What two pieces of evidence are brought out against Proctor in regard to his Christian nature?
he rarely attends church, plows his field on Sundays
What news does Danforth tell John Proctor about Elizabeth? What deal does he try to make with him?
She's pregnant, She can remain alive for a year until the baby is born
What is going to happen to the 91 people who signed the testament stating a good opinion of Elizabeth, Martha Corey, and Rebecca Nurse
They're going to be summoned for questioning and arrested
What happens to Giles Corey?
He was arrested for not telling the name of who was against Thomas Putnam (contempt of court)
What does Hale advise Proctor to do as he is about to read his disposition (testimony) before the court
To get a lawyer
When Mary Warren states she pretended to faint in court, what is she asked to do? What is the result?
She is asked to faint, she can't do it, she was able to do it earlier because she was so overwhelmed
What does Abby do when suspicion that she might be pretending falls on her?
She puts the attention on Mary Warren by saying her spirit is a yellow bird that's attacking her
What does Proctor do to discredit her?
He admits to sleeping with her and calls her a w***e
Who is called to back up John's testimony? What happens?
Elizabeth, she states Proctor didn't sleep with Abby, lies to save his reputation
What happens when Reverend Hale states that Abby has always seemed false to him?
The girls go full fledged into their hysteria witchcraft act, accusing Proctor. Abigail begins the hysteria with a weird scream and the other girls join in. Abigail felt threatened by Hale's remark and wanted to divert attention from him.
What is Mary Warren's reaction to Abigail's performance?
Blames it on Proctor and calls him a devil's man
What does Hale do when Proctor is arrested?
he quits the court
What is Hale advising the condemned to do?
Repent and confess to being a witch in order to save their lives
What does Parris reveal about his niece Abigail?
She had disappeared and taken his money (went on a ship with Mercy Lewis)
What is the condition of Salem at this point?
children are orphaned, cow pens have been broken, people are becoming uneasy
How does Andover differ from Salem?
Andover didn't allow the courts to be overthrown or to escalate as far as they had in Salem
What does Parris want Danforth to do?
postpone the hangings
What does Hale mean when says "there is blood on my head!"?
It was he himself who signed their (the people who had already been hung) death warrants, and so their blood, or lives, is his personal responsibility. He bears the blame, weight, or fault, of these people dying innocently, on his shoulders.
Why does Danforth refuse to postpone the hangings?
Postponement would ruin his reputation and cast guilt on others and whether those who were hung were actually guilty or not
What do Hale and Danforth request of Elizabeth
To try to get Proctor to confess, if he does it will save Danforth's reputation
What happened to Giles Corey?
He wouldn't answer yes or no to being a witch so they put rocks on him to torture him and crush him (he was pressed)
What was John's excuse for confessing?
He has had an affair with Abby and his reputation is already ruined
What is Elizabeths proof that John is a good man?
He hadn't confessed until now
How has Elizabeth changed since we first met her?
She's forgiven Proctor, admitted to not being the best wife
After John confesses what does Danforth want him to do?
Sign a confession and hang it from the church door
What does "I am John Proctor! You will not use me!" mean
Proctor refuses to sign a false confession in the end, refusing to set an example of weakness of character for his children. If he were to sign the confession, he would be allowed to live but would live as a moral failure, condemning others to die in his place. He cannot accept this.
What postpones Elizabeth's execution?
Why does Mary Warren withdraw her testimony against the investigations?
The other girls accuse her of witchcraft
Why does Proctor confess to having an affair with Abigail?
To discredit her testimony by making her look evil
Which character helps start the investigation but now condemns them?
Why does Hale quit the court?
He believes the girls are lying
What is the setting of Act III?
The meeting room of the town hall in Salem
According to Giles Corey, Putnam had his daughter accuse his neighbor of being a witch for what reason?
He wants to purchase Jacob's land at auction
Hathorne asks Mary Warren to prove that she is telling the truth by?
Pretending to faint
How did Abby convince the court that Mary was "sending her spirit out"?
She pretended Mary had taken the form of a yellow bird and was about to swoop down
What does Elizabeth do when called upon to testify?
She lies and says Proctor didn't sleep with Abby
What is Corey charged with
Contempt of court and hindering court proceedings
What does Parris reveal that Abby has done?
Stolen money from him and ran away
Why has Hale come back from Salem?
To encourage the accused and try to save their lives
What does Hale want Elizabeth to do?
Persuade John to confess to witchcraft to save his life
What dies Parris want Danforth to do?
Postpone the rest of the hangings for a while
What major political job did Joe McCarthy hold?
He was a U.S Senator
What is Joe McCarthy known for in his political position?
The Red Scare
What is McCarthyism defined as in general terms?
The practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without regard for proper regard of evidence
What were the McCarthy hearings?
People accusing others of working with Soviets and those in Hollywood
What did Arthur Miller do wrong?
Wrote "The Crucible" which was an attack on McCarthyism, and was a communist sympathizer
What did Arthur Miller say at the hearings?
He refused to name names of people whom they thought were associating with Communist parties
What is the result of his testifying?
He was given jail time and a fine but it was later reversed
Why did Arthur Miller write The Crucible?
To retell the story of events that happened in American History and to be an allegory to McCarthyism
What famous person did Arthur Miller marry?
What famous plays did Arthur Miller write?
The Crucible, Death of a Salesman, All My Sons
Why were people in Hollywood targeted for blacklisting?
They were liberal communists and humanitarians
What was the impact on someone who was blacklisted?
Many couldn't continue in their careers, lost jobs
How did someone become blacklisted?
By being involved in communism or any liberal efforts
What was the dilemma if you had to testify?
If you were testified against, you would be blacklisted
What is the House un-American Committee (HUAC)?
A committee that wanted to eliminate communism in the USA
When did the Salem Witch Trials take place?
How many people were accused?
How many were killed and how?
20, hung, pressed
How could you clear your name if you were accused?
You could admit to being a witch even if you weren't one and live your life with people thinking you were one