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90 terms

Marcy's Medical Language CSI midterm

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following health care occupations would not be working with a rehabilitation team?
occupational therapist
physical therapist
physiatrist
phlebotomist
speech therapist
phlebotomist
Two examples of parasitic infestations of the skin are:
leprosy and smallpox.
chicken pox and warts.
Staphylococcus aureus and scabies.
shingles and tinea corporis.
lice and mites.
lice and mites.
The opposite of distal is:
proximal.
A tissue consisting of contractile cells is called a(n):
graft.
muscle
Where is the laryngopharynx located?
below the tip of the epiglottis
What findings in the laboratory blood study indicate that an acute infection may be present
leukocytosis
Besides the integumentary system, what other body system can suffer complications from burns?
respiratory damage from smoke inhalation
Which of the following terms is derived from a Latin word meaning worm and refers to a group of skin infections caused by fungi?
tinea
A common fracture of the radius just above the wrist joint is called a ________________fracture
Colles
X-rays of a greenstick fracture show which of the following
The fracture is a partial fracture in which one side shows a break and the other a bend
Which occupation is most likely to suffer a partial or complete rotator cuff tear on the job?
a baseball pitcher
The plural form of the word for armpit is
axillae.
Which of the following is the largest lymphatic organ?
the spleen
Which of the following conditions is more common in boys
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Mechanical pacemakers are used to treat:
arrhythmias
In the word arthroscopy, the combining form is
arthr/o
The opposite of posterior is
anterior
Which of the following words means sticking together to form clumps
agglutination
Union of a sperm and an egg is known as
fertilization.
A tissue consisting of contractile cells is called a(n):
graft.
muscle
Nancy Gill developed an upper respiratory viral infection that developed into a bacterial infection with thick, yellow, nasal drainage, headache, and low-grade fever. She went to her healthcare practitioner for help. Which of the following is most likely the cause of her problems?
sinusitis
Myocardium refers to a(n):
heart muscle
If your heartbeat is too fast or too slow, what specialist would you see
cardiologist
Which of the following is true regarding combining forms?
A combining form can be attached to another root or combining form
What is the correct spelling of the plural form of the term that means hair-like, motile projections from the surface of a cell?
cilia
What is the medical term for windpipe?
trachea
What is the advantage of the biconcave shape of the red blood cell?
The shape enables a more rapid flow of gases into and out of the cell
Besides the integumentary system, what other body system can suffer complications from burns?
respiratory damage from smoke inhalation
What is a Pott fracture
fracture of the fibula, near the ankle
_____ Ileum
third portion of the small intestine
What is the correct spelling of the term that means the same as ventilator
respirator
What is the muscle on the back of your arm that extends your elbow joint and forearm
triceps brachii
Which of these is not true of a stent?
it is a procedure that can be done in the office
Which type of laboratory report lists the percentages of the various kinds of leukocytes in a blood sample?
differential white blood cell count
Whiteheads or blackheads can also be referred to as
comedones
The exchange of gases between air and blood and interstitial fluids is known as
respiration
Which of the following is not a cause of tennis elbow
genetics
A common fracture of the radius just above the wrist joint is called a ________________fracture
Colles
How many bones fused together to make the tailbone
4 small bones
Which of the following is an example of the skin function of protection?
provision of a physical barrier against toxins
Which of the following words means a conditioninvolving the veins
thrombophlebitis
Hypersplenism causes what to happen in the bloodstream
a decrease in the number of blood cells and platelets
Several tissues work together to carry out specific functions in a(n):
organ.
An example of the use of a prefix in a medical term is
endocarditis
In the term quadriceps femoris, the anterior thigh muscle, what does the prefix quadri- mean
four
Which of the following terms is derived from a Latin word meaning worm and refers to a group of skin infections caused by fungi
tinea
What does the prefix in the term apnea mean
without
The lymphatic system absorbs excess interstitial fluid and returns it to what area
the bloodstream
In the term pneumonia, what does the root mean
lung, air
X-rays of a greenstick fracture show which of the following??
The fracture is a partial fracture in which one side shows a break and the other a bend
What is the best description of the deltoid muscle?
large, fan-shaped muscle that connects the scapula and clavicle to the humerus.
Which of the following statements is true?
Recognizing word elements helps in the process of dissecting the term.
What does the term dormant mean?
inactive
What part of the skull is formed by the parietal bones
the bulging sides and roof of the cranium
Artificial heart valves can be composed of:
metal alloys or plastics
tissue from the patient's pericardium
tissue from a pig or cow
tissue from a cadaver
The shaft of a long bone is called
diaphysis.
The elements in the term "cardiomyopathy" in order are:
a combining form, a combining form and a suffix.
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Fourth degree burns destroy the first two layers of skin.
The element "lysis" in rhabdomyolysis means
destruction
The axial skeleton is the _______ axis of the body.
proximal
upright
The root of the word spinal is
spin-.
The suffix in the word detoxification means:
remove
The opposite of distal is
proximal
What is the best definition for claudication?
intermittent leg pain and limping
_____ Hypertension
elevated blood pressure
Which of the following words means continuous movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels?
circulation
The heart has four sections, known as:
chambers
The _______ bones are the prominences of the cheeks below the eyes
zygomatic
Which of the following words means pertaining to the urine?
urinary
Where is the laryngopharynx located?
below the tip of the epiglottis
Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?
appendices
Where does erythropoiesis occur?
in the bone marrow
What does a pulse oximeter measure
oxygen saturation of the blood
Vitamin D is essential for
bone growth and maintenance.
Which body sensation is most influenced by smell?
sense of taste
Which of the following health care occupations would not be working with a rehabilitation team?
phlebotomist
The anterior cruciate ligament is located in the:
arm.
knee.
Mary was in a car accident 3 days ago. Her physician documented that Mary had suffered a fracture to her L1 area of the back. What does this mean?
fracture of the first lumbar vertebra
Which of the following processes is an example of the skin function of vitamin D synthesis?
working with sunlight to produce vitamin D
Two examples of parasitic infestations of the skin are:
lice and mites.
What findings in the laboratory blood study indicate that an acute infection may be present?
leukocytosis
The combining form ur/o must have the following suffix added to mean the study of the urinary tract
-logy
The term that means a neoplasm formed from cells that produce melanin is:
melanoma
An instrument called an electrocardiograph picks up the electrical changes in the heart muscle and amplifies them to record an electrocardiogram in the form of five waves. The waves are labeled P, Q, R, S, and T. Which best describes this procedure?
Electrical changes in the heart are detectable and predictable.
Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?
ovaries
Which statement is NOT true regarding blood?
Blood volume is relatively constant and does not vary depending upon the individual's body size.
The terms flexion and extension refer to
movement
Analyze the elements carefully and find which muscle has four heads?
quadriceps femoris
The tissues involved in movement are in the _______________ system
musculoskeletal
The term transdermal is best defined as:
going across or through the skin