What was "The Lost Colony"?
When John White returned to Roanoke Island after a journey back to England, he found that there was no trace of the colonists. Now this mysterious settlement on Roanoke Island is known as the "Lost Colony".
how did a joint stock company work
a joint stock company sold shares to investors. If you invest in the Jamestown stock companies and they succeed, they share the profits. If they failed, the investor lost only as much money as they had put in.
what were the names of the two joint-stock companies?
the Virginia Company of Plymouth and the Virginia Company of London
What was a charter
a document that let the people settle and trade in a certain area in the Americas.
What were the names of the three ships that brought the Jamestown settlers to the New World?
the Discovery, Godspeed, and Susan Constant
What were two positives of the land of Jamestown
it was a good spot to keep a lookout for Spanish ships and it was a good spot to trade with nearby Native Americans
What were two negatives of the land of Jamestown?
it was swampy land filled with mosquitoes that carried disease(malaria) and lacked drinking water
What was the problem with the people of Jamestown?
they were gentlemen from wealthy English families. They knew nothing about living in a wilderness. They had never worked and had no practical skills. All they wanted was gold and didn't want to do a day's work.
Who was Pocahontas?
she was the daughter of the chief Powhatan and married colonists John Rolfe. She begged for John Smith's life when her dad was going to kill him. On her way back to Massachusetts from England she got smallpox and died. However we think she died of a broken heart.
What was the "Starving Time" in Jamestown
it was the hardship the Jamestown settlers faced from 1609-1610. During this time the winter food supply ran low and people were starving to death. Only 60 settlers survived.
What did tobacco have to do with jamestown?
it was the first cash crop in Jamestown and it made Jamestown's economy flourish
What was King James's reaction to tobacco?
he thought it was a disgusting habit, smelled bad, ruined your brain, dangerous to the lungs, and an overall disgusting thing. He also liked making money off of it.
What were plantations?
they were large farms that were set up along the coastal rivers to grow tobacco on.
Why are there no plantations in New England?
it's too cold and there's not the best soil. too many rocks
What are indentured servants?
people who agreed to work a certain number of years in exchange for freedom in America.
After many battles involving the Native Americans and the colonists, who gained control?
What was the house of burgesses?
the first government in Jamestown that made the laws to govern the colony
What were puritans
critics of the Anglican Church who stayed within the church and tried to change it from within
Who was John Carver?
a wealthy buisnessman who provided finances for the pilgrims and found them the mayflower
What was the name of the ship that brought the pilgrims from the Netherlands to America
What was the "Starving Time" in Plymouth?
a deathly time in the bleak, cold winter where people were starving to death. by spring almost half of them had died
Why did the starving time happen for the pilgrims
because the pilgrims arrived in MA at the worst possible time and it was a very bad time to plant crops so they had no food
Why did Squanto know how to speak english?
because he was sold as a slave to england, then he escaped and went to MA
What was Thanksgiving?
the celebration of the abundant harvest the pilgrims had . During this first Thanksgiving they said thanks to the abundant harvest and shared their bounty with the Native Americans.