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history moodle questions and vocab (enlightenment/revolution)

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What happened to the Bastille after it was captured by the mob?
it was razed to the ground
France was in extreme debt largely because of an expensive foreign policy T/F
true
Louis XVI was forced to call the Estates-General mostly because...
the first two estates refused to have their tax burdens increased
The 3rd estate eventually became so frustrated with the first two estates at the Estates-General that they locked the first two estates out of the meeting hall T/F
false
the time period just following the fall of the Bastille that saw widespread violence against nobles and their property is called
the great fear
The National Assembly abolished feudal dues and privileges thus ending the ancient regime T/F
true
The Revolution began as an effort to turn France from an absolute monarchy to
a constitutional monarchy
The concept "fraternity" largely gave rise to the concept of
nationalism
Countries outside of France prepared to go to war with France from fear that revolt would erupt in their countries as well T/F
true
napoleon was tried and executed for treason T/F
false
The great irony of the Committee for Public Safety is that it ________ many personal liberties in the name of ________
revoked, liberty
Ben Dupre believes history was made at the Bastille because the storming of the Bastille was a ________ conquering of liberty over ______
symbolic, tyranny
Marie Antoinette, queen of Louis XVI was a princess from _____
austria
napoleon's dictatorship was a cause for the french revolution T/F
false
The National Assembly drafted the _________ of the Rights of Man and _____, ended the last remnants of ______ and turned France into a ____________ Monarchy
declaration, citizen, feudalism, constitutional
France declared war on Austria because they believed Austria would try to stop the Revolution. T/F
true
Jean-Paul Marat was guillotined for his radical newspaper during the Reign of Terror T/F
false
The Reign of Terror can best be described as a _________ of individual liberty to terrorize "_______" of the new Republic
revocation, enemies
The most influential leader of the Committee of Public Safety was
Robespierre
The final victim of the Reign of Terror's guillotine was
Robespierre
One major effect of the French Revolution was a growing sentiment of patriotism and nationalism T/F
true
The creation of the scientific method can be attributed mostly to the work of
francis bacon
Advancements made in mathematics played a vital role in the scientific achievements of the 16th and 17th centuries T/F
true
Heliocentric theory was first proposed by
Nicholas Copernicus
The Laws of Celestial Mechanics was the famous work describing the planetary motion written by
Johannes Kepler
he Scientist who spent the last years of his life under house arrest because of his publishings was
Galileo Galilei
Newton's discovery of gravity was important because it explained the ______of all objects in the ________
motions, universe
Seventeenth century scientists, in their religious attitudes saw little ______ between faith and ________
conflict, science
The Science of Man was an attempt to understand the predictable nature of man much like the natural sciences attempted to understand the predictable laws of the universe. T/F
true
All of the following were attitudes of the Enlightenment except: democracy, Optimism ,Rationality, Secularism}
democracy
John Locke believed that humans were born as "blank slates" who develop entirely from what they learn in their life's experiences T/F
true
The Enlightenment was most readily heard and accepted in
cities
The common denominator among the Enlightenment thinkers was a ________ to ______
commitment, reform
The best American example of both philosophical AND scientific ideals was
ben franklin
In matters of government, the philosophes would have probably most admired the system of
britain
a philosophe belief is "ignorance is the major cause of inhumanity" T/F
true
The most significant 18th century economic thinker was
adam smith
The "unseen hand" refers to
the free market
The most comprehensive literary work of the Enlightenment period was
The Encyclopedie
All of the following were ideas of liberalism except :social and economic equality ,equality before the law, freedom of the press, equality of opportunity
social and economic equality
A "level playing field," in liberal terms refers to equal _______ of _____oneself
opportunity, proving
18th and 19th century liberals believed that the cure for many of society's problems would be
education
The liberal concept of checks and balances in government was derived primarily from the works of
Montesquieu
Of all forms of government, 18th century liberals would have been most apt to support a
constitutional monarchy
In the liberal perspective, the strongest branch of government should be the
legislative
The American Revolution began as a dispute over
taxes
The taxes imposed by the British on the colonies had mainly to do with paying off the _____ of the _ ______ War
debts, 7, years
Up until 1763, British interference in American affairs had been
minimal
The author of the influential pamphlet Common Sense, was
thomas paine
The support that the British army had from their Parliament for the American war can best be described as
half hearted
The first document that laid out the rules for the new United States was the
articles of confederation
The basic liberal philosophy is a product of the Enlightened time period. T/F
true
The Stamp Act was the new enforcement of England's mercantilist policy towards its North American colonies. T/F
false
Under the Alliance of 1778, France agreed to give the colonies financial aid, but preferred to stay out of the conflict with England. T/F
false
During Louis XV's early years, power had been assumed by
independent-minded nobles
he financial crisis leading up the French Revolution was partially caused by all of the following except: a lack of French industrialization, the American Revolutionary War, the Seven Years' War, wealthy living of the nobility
a lack of french industrialization
Louis XVI tried to implement taxes on the 1st and 2nd estates but the two estates refused to comply. T/F
true
The 3rd estate of France controlled about what percentage of the total wealth of France?
70
The calling of the Estates General was necessitated by a
financial crisis
Every aspect of French Public life was dominated by the first two estates except for
commerce
The National Constituent Assembly swore not to leave Paris until a new ___________ was made
constitution
The original Constitution molded by the National Assembly resembled most closely the government of
britain
Counterrevolution sentiment began in protest against the civil _______ of the ________
constitution, clergy
The levee en masse enabled France to acquire a
conscript army
The Jacobin Terror ended only with
robespierre's execution
Napoleon established a new government in France after his coup d'état called the
consulate
Napoleon was extremely popular with the people of France but severely disliked by the Catholic clergy. T/F
false
Napoleon's final defeat occurred at the battle of
waterloo
Negotiators of the Vienna Settlement drew up territorial boundaries according to: none of these ideas, ethnic differences, religious differences, ideas of liberalism and social reform, the desires of the local people
none of these
the time period just following the fall of the Bastille that saw widespread violence against nobles and their property
the great fear
a diplomatic treaty under which france aided the american revolutionaries in their war gainst britain
alliance of 1778
america's first government that failed quickly
articles of confederation
robespierre's group that ruled during the reign of terror
committee for public safety
napoleon's government
consulate
the revolutionary document stating their ideas
declaration of the rights of man and citizen
the five-member executive organ that governed France from 1795 to 1799
directory
the parliament of france, composed of delegates from teh three social orders
estates general
the time period when the second estate was afraid of the third estate attacking
the great fear
the first law-making body during the french revolution, created a moderate constitutional monarhy
national assembly
laws regulating commerce with the british colonies in north america in favor of britain
navigation acts
the idea that man could be studied and predicted like any of science
the science of man
war fought between france and england, with their allies, around the world,
7 years war
a law enacted by the british parliament in 1765 that imposed a fee on legal documents of all types and on all books and newspapers sold in the american colonies
stamp act of 1765
the splitting up of europe after napoleon's reign
vienna settlement
the pact promising the support and aid of france to america in the revolutionary was
treaty of paris