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All Ethernet networks, independent of their speed or frame type, use an access method called __.


The 10-Gigabit fiber optic standard with the shortest segment length is __.

Long Reach

In the 10-Base-LR standard, the L stands for __.

Depicts a network in broad scope

A physical topology


The Ethernet_II frame type contains a 2-byte __ field which differntiates it from the older Ethernet_802.3 and Ethernet_802,2 frame types.


As part of CSMA/CD, a process known as __ allows the NIC issue a special 32-bit sequence that indicates to the rest of the network nodes that its previous transmission was faulty and that those data frames are invalid.


The most common logical topologies are __ and ring.

Twisted pair

The 10Base-T standard is considered a breakthrough for transmitting 10 Gbps over __ medium.


In packet switching, when packets reach their destination node, the node __ them based on their control information.


Within Ethernet frame types, the __ signals to the receiving node that data is incoming and indicates when the data flow is about to begin.


A __ is a simply linked series of devices.


Given their long-distance capabilities, 10GBase-ER and 10GBase-EW are best suited for use on __.


The 10-Gigabit fiber optic standard with the shortest segment length is __.


In a(n) __ topology, every node on the network is connected through a central device, such as a hub, router, or switch.


Collectively, MPLS labels are sometimes called a __.


Without __, a bus network would suffer from signal bounce.

Ethernet II (DIX)

Because of its support for multiple Network layer protocols and because it uses fewer bytes as overhead, __ is the frame type most commonly used on contemporary Ethernet networks.

1 Gbps

1000Base-SX has a maximum throughput of __.

Collision domain

On an Ethernet network, a(n) __ is the portion of a network in which collisions occur if two nodes transmit data at the same time.


__ is a component of a network's logical topology that determines how connections are created between nodes.


In a ring network, each workstation acts as a(n) __ for the transmission.


1000Bast-T is a standard for achieving throughputs __ times faster than Fast Ethernet over copper cable.


A __ occurs when two transmissions interfere with each other.

46 to 1500

The data portion of an Ethernet frame may contain __ bytes of information.


A network backbone is the __ that connects the hubs, switches, and routers on a network.


The most common 1-Gigabit Ethernet standard in use today is __.


A network's access method is its method of controlling how network nodes access the communications channel.


Most Ethernet networks are based on the star topology.


The smallest LANs do not have a backbone.


The most popular method for connecting nodes on a network is circuit switching.

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