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40 terms

Unit VII Test

STUDY
PLAY
The "nullification crisis" of 1832-1833 erupted over
tariff policy
When the United States entered the War of 1812, it was
militarily unprepared
The Battle of New Orleans
saw British troops defeated by Andrew Jacksons' soldiers
The purpose behind the spoils system was
to reward political supporters with public office
The presidential election of 1824
was the first one to see the election of a minority president
The performance of the United States' navy in the War of 1812 could be best described as
much better than that of the army
John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a "corrupt bargain" when he appointed ___________ to become ______________.
Henry Clay, Secretary of State
As president, John Quincy Adams
was one of the least successful presidents in American history
The British attack on Fort McHenry
inspired the writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner."
John C. Calhoun's "South Carolina Exposition" was an argument for
states' rights
The Force Bill of 1833 provided that
the President could use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties
The Monroe Doctrine was essentially intended to prevent
new European colonies from being established in the Western Hemisphere
The resolutions from the Hartford Convention
helped to cause the death of the Federalist party
In McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohens v. Virginia, and Gibbons v. Ogden, Chief Justice Marshall's rulings limited the extent of
states' rights
The "Tippecanoe" in the Whigs' 1840 campaign slogan was
William Harrison
The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by
forcing the election into the House of Representatives
While in existence, the second Bank of the United States
was the depository of the funds of the national government
The Tariff of 1816 was the first in American history
that aimed to protect American industry
One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States was
its promotion of economic expansion by making credit abundant
The Rush-Bagot agreement
limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes
Andrew Jackson's veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States was
a major expansion of economic power
The "cement" that held the Whig party together in its formative days was
hatred of Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson's military exploits were instrumental in the United States gaining
possession of Florida from the Spanish
Andrew Jackson's administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because
whites wanted the Indians' lands
The outcome of the War of 1812 was
a stimulus to patriotic nationalism in the United States
John Marshall uttered his famous legal dictum that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy" in
McCulloch v. Maryland
One of the major causes of the panic of 1819 was
over speculation in frontier lands
At the end of the War of 1812, British manufacturers
began dumping their goods in America at extremely low prices
The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was
forced removal
The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended when
Congress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833
The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for
a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in congress before war was declared
When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response for Missouri's request for admission to the Union, the South thought that the amendment
would threaten the sectional balance
In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did all the following except
argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society
As a result of the Missouri Compromise
slavery was banned north of 36' 30 in the Louisiana Purchase territory
The Panic of 1837 was caused by all the following except
taking the country off the gold standard
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was taxing the bank notes which upset McCulloch who was the president of the Bank of U.S. McCulloch was losing money having to pay for the tax and sews Maryland. John Marshall (Supreme Court Chief Justice) ruled in favor of McCulloch saying "the power to tax involves the power to destroy." This case limited the extent of state power and expanded federal power.
Monroe Doctrine
It was written because many rumors were going around about European alliances etc. The Monroe Doctrine told the European countries not to establish colonies in the western hemisphere and not to intervene with American affairs. Leave us alone and we'll leave you alone. Upset European powers, who is this many telling us what to do. They couldn't do anything about it though because to get to U.S. had to go through British navy. The Doctrine was never law but continues to impact decisions made today.
Independent Treasury
After the Bank War the president (Mark van Buren) declared to pull out all the governments money from the "pet banks" and place it in an independent treasury. Most people opposed this but it was done anyway. Badly hurt the economy and decreased its expansion because the governments money was now locked.
"Trail of Tears"
Based on the Indian Removal Act thousands of Indians were forced at gunpoint to relocate to Oklahoma. So many died it became known as trail of tears. Resentment towards Jackson still exists today.
Spoils System
Once Jackson won the election of 1828 he used the spoils system and completely cleared out the office and replaced them with his own new people. The purpose behind this was to reward political supporters with public office.