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The "nullification crisis" of 1832-1833 erupted over

tariff policy

When the United States entered the War of 1812, it was

militarily unprepared

The Battle of New Orleans

saw British troops defeated by Andrew Jacksons' soldiers

The purpose behind the spoils system was

to reward political supporters with public office

The presidential election of 1824

was the first one to see the election of a minority president

The performance of the United States' navy in the War of 1812 could be best described as

much better than that of the army

John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a "corrupt bargain" when he appointed ___________ to become ______________.

Henry Clay, Secretary of State

As president, John Quincy Adams

was one of the least successful presidents in American history

The British attack on Fort McHenry

inspired the writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner."

John C. Calhoun's "South Carolina Exposition" was an argument for

states' rights

The Force Bill of 1833 provided that

the President could use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties

The Monroe Doctrine was essentially intended to prevent

new European colonies from being established in the Western Hemisphere

The resolutions from the Hartford Convention

helped to cause the death of the Federalist party

In McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohens v. Virginia, and Gibbons v. Ogden, Chief Justice Marshall's rulings limited the extent of

states' rights

The "Tippecanoe" in the Whigs' 1840 campaign slogan was

William Harrison

The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by

forcing the election into the House of Representatives

While in existence, the second Bank of the United States

was the depository of the funds of the national government

The Tariff of 1816 was the first in American history

that aimed to protect American industry

One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States was

its promotion of economic expansion by making credit abundant

The Rush-Bagot agreement

limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes

Andrew Jackson's veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States was

a major expansion of economic power

The "cement" that held the Whig party together in its formative days was

hatred of Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson's military exploits were instrumental in the United States gaining

possession of Florida from the Spanish

Andrew Jackson's administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because

whites wanted the Indians' lands

The outcome of the War of 1812 was

a stimulus to patriotic nationalism in the United States

John Marshall uttered his famous legal dictum that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy" in

McCulloch v. Maryland

One of the major causes of the panic of 1819 was

over speculation in frontier lands

At the end of the War of 1812, British manufacturers

began dumping their goods in America at extremely low prices

The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was

forced removal

The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended when

Congress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833

The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for

a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in congress before war was declared

When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response for Missouri's request for admission to the Union, the South thought that the amendment

would threaten the sectional balance

In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did all the following except

argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society

As a result of the Missouri Compromise

slavery was banned north of 36' 30 in the Louisiana Purchase territory

The Panic of 1837 was caused by all the following except

taking the country off the gold standard

McCulloch v. Maryland

Maryland was taxing the bank notes which upset McCulloch who was the president of the Bank of U.S. McCulloch was losing money having to pay for the tax and sews Maryland. John Marshall (Supreme Court Chief Justice) ruled in favor of McCulloch saying "the power to tax involves the power to destroy." This case limited the extent of state power and expanded federal power.

Monroe Doctrine

It was written because many rumors were going around about European alliances etc. The Monroe Doctrine told the European countries not to establish colonies in the western hemisphere and not to intervene with American affairs. Leave us alone and we'll leave you alone. Upset European powers, who is this many telling us what to do. They couldn't do anything about it though because to get to U.S. had to go through British navy. The Doctrine was never law but continues to impact decisions made today.

Independent Treasury

After the Bank War the president (Mark van Buren) declared to pull out all the governments money from the "pet banks" and place it in an independent treasury. Most people opposed this but it was done anyway. Badly hurt the economy and decreased its expansion because the governments money was now locked.

"Trail of Tears"

Based on the Indian Removal Act thousands of Indians were forced at gunpoint to relocate to Oklahoma. So many died it became known as trail of tears. Resentment towards Jackson still exists today.

Spoils System

Once Jackson won the election of 1828 he used the spoils system and completely cleared out the office and replaced them with his own new people. The purpose behind this was to reward political supporters with public office.

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