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85 terms

AP History Chapter 19-24

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Harvard
In 1869, ________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
philanthropists who established universities
In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all
being the first college for women
Vassar College holds the distinction of
Herbert Spencer
The most influential social Darwinist was the English thinker
John Dewey
The leader of what was called progressive education was
it gave Americans unique character
In his frontier thesis, Frederick Jackson Turner argued that
Mark Twain
The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was
realism
American painters of the late 19th century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called
build libraries
Industrialist Andrew Carnegie donated millions of dollars to help
Frank Leslie
The leading publisher of magazines directed at average citizens in the 1860s and 1870s
weak
The presidents during the Gilded Age were mostly _____________ leaders
Senate
During the Gilded Age, the legislative body known as a "rich man's club" was the
closely contests
National elections between 1856 and 1912 were characterized by
post civil war tensions
The "bloody shirt" issue of the Gilded Age refers to
Grand Army of the Republic
The mammoth organization of Union Army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the
Garfield
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
Civil Service
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought ________ reform.
Clevland
The New York Democrat who won the "dirty" presidential election of 1884 was
Plessy v. Ferguson
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
Booker T. Washington
The black leader most identified with the "Atlanta Compromise" was
Boss Tweed
The most notorious of all city bosses was
Farmer's Alliance
The earlier group from which the Populist movement emerged was the
Silver
The election of 1892 seemed to set up a showdown in the election of 1896 on the issue of the
Jacob Coxey
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
William Jennings Bryan
the dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for
S.S. McClure
A leading magazine editor and crusading reformer of the early 20th century was
Muckrakers
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
Progressive Mayors
Samuel M. "Golden Rule" Jones, Tom L. Johnson, and Seth Low were all
Wisconsin
The banner "progressive" state during the early years of the twentieth century was
Triangle Shirt Waist Factory
Legislation protecting workers against on-the-job accidents was inspired by the disastrous
consumer's league
Headed by Florence Kelley and associated with lawyer Louis Brandeis, the most effective women's organization of the Progressive Era was the
economic and sociological evidence
In Muller v. Oregon (1908) attorney Louis Brandeis presented a so-called "Brandeis brief" to the Supreme Court, which was based on
suffrage
On the national level, the Progressive Era saw the completion of the struggle for
required the popular election of senators
One example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the Seventeenth Amendment which
regulate rather than eliminate them
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to
Theodore Roosevelt
The first progressive president and the advocate of the "Square Deal" was
make the Interstate Commerce Commission more powerful and active
The primary result of the 1906 Hepburn Act was to
filthy conditions of Chicago slaughterhouses
Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle exposed
Taft
Theodore Roosevelt handpicked ________ to succeed him and carry out his policies
conservation
Taft got into political hot water in the 1910 "Ballinger-Pinchot" controversy, which dealt with
Theodore Roosevelt
The politician who advocated a New Nationalism was
Theodore Roosevelt
In 1912 the breakup of the Republican party produced an independent third party, the Progressives, led by
New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson advocated a program called the
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Jackson
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
Clayton
As part of the New Freedom, the ________ Act prohibited both price discrimination, which encouraged monopolies, and interlocking directorates created to control competition
W.E.B. Du Bois
One of the most prominent black militants of the progressive era was
didn't care
After the Civil War, most Americans' attitude toward foreign affairs was that they
damages done by confederate ships built in Britain
Because of the Alabama claims of 1871, the British paid the United States $15.5 million for
Russia
In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from
Navy
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Pacific and Latin America
After the Civil War, America extended its overseas influence and empire in the
Cuba
The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the independence of
publishing tales of spanish atrocities
Before the Spanish-American War, both Hearst's New York Journal and Pulitzer's New York World tried to increase circulation by
Maine
In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Amelio Hemegualdo
The leader of the Filipino nationalist forces during the 1890s was
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
Theodore Roosevelt
The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "Rough Riders," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was
Philippines
After the Spanish-American War, heated debates raged over the imperialism of annexing
they were unfit to be citizens
Some anti-imperialists objected to annexing the Philippines because
launched a Gorilla War Revolt against the American
When America refused to withdraw its armed forces, the Filipinos
not bound to follow the Constitution
In the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that
Cuba
In 1900, the United States insisted that the constitution of ________ grant America naval bases and authorize American intervention whenever necessary to protect life, property, and individual liberty.
Guantanamo Bay Navy Base to America and avoid treaties with any foreign power
Under the Platt Amendment, Cuba was forced to
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Early in the 20th century, the United States announced that it must "exercise ...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
John Hay
The principle architect of America's "Open Door" policy was
China
The "Open Door" policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of
China
At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in
decreasing immigration from Japan in turn for not segregating California schools and not issuing passports to laborers who wished to go to America
According to the "Gentlemen's Agreement" negotiated by Roosevelt in 1907
Columbia
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
Taft
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
Assassination
The Great War (WW I)was precipitated by the
Zimmerman
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
Harry Truman
The future American political leader who commanded an artillery battalion in France during the Great War was
John J. Pershing
The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
14 points
President Wilson's plan for a lasting peace after the Great War was known as the
A. Mitchell Palmer
In the 1919-1920 "Red Scare," radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by Attorney General
The Jazz Singer
The first significant talking movie was
Radios and Movies
The 1920s saw immense changes in popular culture because of the two new technologies of
extraordinarily popular
During the 1920s, American sports were
teaching evolution in public schools
The 1925 Dayton, Tennessee "Monkey Trial" dealt with
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The symbol of the "lost generation" and the author of The Great Gatsby was
Melken
America's foremost cynic of the 1920s, who displayed witty contempt for almost everything, was
Marcus Garvey
The leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, whose slogan was "Back to Africa," was
Henry Ford
The individual most responsible for the growth of the automobile industry was
Charles Lindbergh
In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris was made in his Spirit of St. Louis by