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In 1869, ________ introduced the elective system and took the lead in reforming higher education in the Gilded Age.
philanthropists who established universities
In the late nineteenth century, Johns Hopkins, Jonas Clark, and John D. Rockefeller were all
The author of novels such as Huckleberry Finn, whose acute reportorial eyes and ears caught the spirit of his age, was
American painters of the late 19th century such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins painted in a style called
Grand Army of the Republic
The mammoth organization of Union Army veterans that quickly became a powerful national political pressure group was the
In 1881 President ________ was assassinated by Charles Guiteau, an unbalanced office-seeker.
The Pendleton Act of 1883 was a triumph for those Americans who sought ________ reform.
Plessy v. Ferguson
The doctrine of "separate but equal" facilities was handed down by the Supreme Court in
The small-town businessman who led an "army" of the unemployed on a march to Washington, D.C. in 1894 was
William Jennings Bryan
the dramatic "Cross of Gold" speech won the 1896 Democratic presidential nomination for
Theodore Roosevelt called the progressive-era journalists who investigated corruption and fraud in American business and politics
Triangle Shirt Waist Factory
Legislation protecting workers against on-the-job accidents was inspired by the disastrous
Headed by Florence Kelley and associated with lawyer Louis Brandeis, the most effective women's organization of the Progressive Era was the
economic and sociological evidence
In Muller v. Oregon (1908) attorney Louis Brandeis presented a so-called "Brandeis brief" to the Supreme Court, which was based on
required the popular election of senators
One example of the progressive drive for political democracy was the Seventeenth Amendment which
regulate rather than eliminate them
Theodore Roosevelt believed that the most effective means of dealing with big corporations was to
make the Interstate Commerce Commission more powerful and active
The primary result of the 1906 Hepburn Act was to
Taft got into political hot water in the 1910 "Ballinger-Pinchot" controversy, which dealt with
In 1912 the breakup of the Republican party produced an independent third party, the Progressives, led by
gave the country a central banking system for the first time since Jackson
When it was passed in 1913, the Federal Reserve Act
As part of the New Freedom, the ________ Act prohibited both price discrimination, which encouraged monopolies, and interlocking directorates created to control competition
damages done by confederate ships built in Britain
Because of the Alabama claims of 1871, the British paid the United States $15.5 million for
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Pacific and Latin America
After the Civil War, America extended its overseas influence and empire in the
publishing tales of spanish atrocities
Before the Spanish-American War, both Hearst's New York Journal and Pulitzer's New York World tried to increase circulation by
devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "Rough Riders," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was
launched a Gorilla War Revolt against the American
When America refused to withdraw its armed forces, the Filipinos
In 1900, the United States insisted that the constitution of ________ grant America naval bases and authorize American intervention whenever necessary to protect life, property, and individual liberty.
Guantanamo Bay Navy Base to America and avoid treaties with any foreign power
Under the Platt Amendment, Cuba was forced to
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Early in the 20th century, the United States announced that it must "exercise ...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
The "Open Door" policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter the markets of
decreasing immigration from Japan in turn for not segregating California schools and not issuing passports to laborers who wished to go to America
According to the "Gentlemen's Agreement" negotiated by Roosevelt in 1907
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
In February, 1917, the U.S. learned of the ________ Telegram in which Germany offered a military alliance to Mexico if the U.S. entered the war on the Allied side.
The future American political leader who commanded an artillery battalion in France during the Great War was
A. Mitchell Palmer
In the 1919-1920 "Red Scare," radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by Attorney General
Radios and Movies
The 1920s saw immense changes in popular culture because of the two new technologies of
America's foremost cynic of the 1920s, who displayed witty contempt for almost everything, was
The leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, whose slogan was "Back to Africa," was
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