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Questions about Dissociative Disorders
Terms in this set (11)
How is neurological amnesia different from dissociative amnesia?
Neurological amnesia involves irreparable brain damage. Memories aren't expected to be recovered. Dissociative amnesia involves no such brain damage and memories are expected to be recovered.
Name the types of Dissociative Amnesia.
Localized: inability to recall info for a specific period of time
Selective: person can recall some, but not all, events that happened during a particular period of time
-Systemized: amnesia for a specific category (e.g. family)
-Generalized: complete loss of identity or one's life history
Which type of memory is impacted most by Dissociative Amnesia?
Under what sort of circumstances does Dissociate Amnesia usually occur?
The onset is sudden and the circumstances are usually traumatic and obvious.
What are common treatments for Dissociative Amnesia?
Use of hypnosis, barbituates, or benzodiazepines to recover memories are often implemented, but there are currently no evidence-based treatments for Dissociative Amnesia
The name Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) was changed from the name Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) to reflect changes in our understanding of the disorder - what do you know about that change?
The name change from MPD to DID reflects our understanding that DID is really just a failure to integrate faucets of a single identity as opposed to multiple personalities all existing in one body.
What was the big controversy about Dr. Wilbur's book "Sybil" and how it impacted our understanding of DID?
Shirley Mason, the patient "Sybil" was based on, had allegedly recovered memories of some childhood trauma through hypnosis. This led to the diagnosis of about 40,000 cases in the following decade. By the end of the 1990s it came out that Mason's recovered memories were false and that not even she believed that she had MPD. The controversy lies in the competing explanations for all the MPD diagnoses.
What do we know about risk for suicide and DID?
Risk for suicide is high. Patients with DID often make multiple attempts.
What is the relationship between PTSD and DID?
PTSD is often comorbid with DID. Trauma is often presumed to be the cause of DID; DID is thought to be a way for the mind to cope or escape thoughts and feelings about the trauma. Some researchers have suggested DID be made into a subtype of PTSD.
What are the key views and controversies represented by the Posttraumatic Stress Theory and Sociocognitive theories of DID? What do they have in common?
Posttraumatic Stress Theory posits that patients learn to dissociate in the face of extreme trauma to escape painful thoughts and feelings. Sociocognitive Theory posits that the symptoms of DID are brought about by misguided therapists that inadvertently suggest and reinforce the symptoms. In both cases, however, that presentation of symptoms is neither intentional nor conscious.
What can be said about the efficacy of all the common treatment interventions currently used to treat the Dissociative disorders?
There are no evidence-based treatments for the dissociative disorders. As such, the efficacy cannot be ascertained because there is no data to support them.
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The name for the Cu 2+ ion is...
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which belief was generally held by the delegates to the constitutional convention of 1787?
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