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21 terms

Male and Female Reproductive Systems

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seminal vesicle
gland that secretes a fluid component of semen that lubricates and nourishes sperm
ejaculatory duct
a short section of the ejaculatory route formed by the convergence of the vas deferens and a duct from the seminal vesicle. It transports sperm from the vas deferens to the urethra
prostate gland
a gland that secretes an acid-neutralizing component of semen
bulbourethral gland
one of a pair of glands near the base of the penis that secretes fluid that lubricates and neutralizes acids in the urethra during sexual intercourse
epididymis
a long coiled tube into which sperm pass from the testis and are stored until mature and ejaculated
testis
the male gonad that produces sperm and reproductive hormones
scrotum
a pouch of skin outside the abdonmen that houses a testis and functions in cooling sperm, thereby keeping them viable
vas deferens
a tube that conveys sperm away from the testis between the epididymis and the common duct that leads to the urethra
erectial tissue
essential for insertion of the penis into the vagina
urethra
a duct that conveys urine from the urinary bladder to the outside and conveys semen out of the body during ejaculation
glans of penis
the rounded, highly sensitive head of the penis that is richly supplied with nerve endings and is highly sensitive to stimulation
prepuce
a fold of skin covering the head, or glans, of the penis
oviduct
the tube that conveys egg cells away from an ovary; fallopian tube
ovary
the female gonad that produces egg cells and reproductive hormones
uterus
the organ where the development of younger occurs; womb
vagina
the birth canal between the uterus and the outside opening. It also accommodates the male's penis and receives sperm during copulation
follicles
clusters of cells that surround, protect, and nourish a developing egg cell in the ovary. It also secretes estrogen
corpus luteum
a small body of endocrine tissue that develops from an ovarian follicle after ovulation and secretes progesterone and estrogen during pregnancy
wall of uterus
a thick muscular wall that supports the womb and is richly supplied with blood vessels
endometrium
the inner lining of the uterus which is richly supplied with blood vessels that provide the maternal part of the placenta and nourish the developing embryo
cervix
the neck of the uterus, which opens into the vagina