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AP World History Chapter 13
Terms in this set (37)
Religion, based on Four Noble Truths, associated with Siddhartha Gautama (563-483B.C.E), or the Buddha; its adherents desired to eliminate all distracting passion and reach Nirvana
Influential branch of Buddhism in China, with an emphasis on intuition and sudden flashes of insight instead of textual study
Philosophy, based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Kong Fuzi (551-479 B.C.E.), or Confucius, that emphasizes order, the role of the Gentleman, obligation to society, and reciprocity
Chinese philosophy with origins in the Zhou dynasty; it is associated with legendary philosopher Laozi, and it called for a policy of noncompetition
Oasis in modern western China that became a site of Buddhist missionary activity by the 4th century C.E.
Chinese system during the Tang dynasty in which the goal was to ensure an equitable distribution of land
Custom of applying painfully tight binding to the feet of young girls to prevent further growth
The 1,100-mile (1700-kilometer) waterway linking the yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire
An explosive consisting of a powdered mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal
Capital of the Southern Song dynasty in the late 13th century
The last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. The period is named after the capital city of Heian-kyo, or modern Kyoto. It is the period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism and other Chinese influences were at their height.
(1185-1333) is a period of Japanese history that marks the Governance by the Kamakura shogunate, officially established in 1192 in Kamakura by the first shogun, Minamoto no Yoritomo.
701-761 C.E. One of the most popular poets of Tang era, famous for his commentary on Chinese social life
The "greater vehicle," a more metaphysical and more popular northern branch of Buddhism
Conquered by the Han dynasty. Northern Vietnam, 20- vietnam dominated by Mahayana Buddhism. 939-victory brought independence from China, founding Dai Viet. Adopted Confucianism.
Japanese period (710-7940 centered around city of Nara, that was the Highest point of Chinese influential significance
Philosophy that attempted to merge certain basic elements of Confucian and Buddhist thought; most important of the early Neo-Confucianists was the Chinese thinker Zhu Xi (1130-1200)
Buddhist concept of a state of spiritual perfection and enlightenment in which distracting passions are eliminated
A white vitrified translucent ceramic; china
First unified, multi-national and power-centralized state in the Chinese history. It lasted from 221 BC to 207 BC. Although surviving only 15 years, the dynasty held an important role in Chinese history and it exerted great influence on the following dynasties.
A Japanese warrior
A Japanese religion dating from the early 8th century and incorporating the worship of ancestors and nature spirits and a belief in sacred power (kami) in both animate and inanimate things, It was the state religion of Japan until 1945
Japanese military leader who ruled in place of the emperor
One of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, and one of the world's longest sustained dynasties. Although it was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose, the dynasty was ruled by the Gyeongju Kim clan for most of its 992- year history
The song dynasty was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279. It succeeded the Five dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, and was followed by the Yuan dynasty
Zhao Kuangyin, also known by his temple name Taizu, was the founding emperor of imperial China's song Dynasty, reigning from 960 until his death
A short-lived imperial dynasty of China. Preceded by the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it unified China for the first time after over a century of North- South division. It was followed by the Tang dynasty
Emperor Yang of Sui, personal name Yang Guang, alternative name Ying, nickname Amo, known as Emperor Ming during the brief reign of his grandson Yang Tong, was the second son of emperor Wen of Sui, and the second emperor of China's Sui dynasty.
The Tale of Genji
A classical work of classic work of Japanese literature written by the noblewoman and Lady-in-waiting Murasaki Shikibu in the early years of the 11th century, around the peak of the Heian period.
An imperial dynasty of China proceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by the five Dynasties and ten kingdoms period. It was founded by the Li family, who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire.
Chinese emperor (r. 627-649) of the Tang dynasty (618-907)
Daoist concept of a disengagement from the affairs of the world
Concubine of Emperor Tang Taizong, who seized imperial power for herself in 690 after Taizong became debilitated
Seventh-century Chinese century monk who made a famous trip to India ro collect Buddhist texts
(585-618) An imperial prince of the Chinese Sui Dynasty. During the reign of his father Emperor Yang, he carried the title of Prince of Qi. When his father was killed in a coup led by the general Yuwen Huaji in 618, Yang Jian and his sons were also killed
Neo-Confucian Chinese philosopher (1130-1200)