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Wright Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (17)
English as a second language (ESL)
Instruction that focuses on helping ELL's attain proficiency in English
English language development
An alternative label for English as a second (ESL) programs and instruction, commonly used at the elementary school level
native language (L1) instruction
Instruction in one or more content areas in native language (first language) of ELL students. A distinguishing feature of bilingual education models.
Grade level content area institution provided in English in a manner that makes it comprehensible to ELLs (uses ESL strategies) while supporting their English language development.
ESL vs Sheltered Instruction
ESL- teaching english language.
Sheltered Instruction- teaching English and content
specially designed academic instruction in English (SDAIE)
not necessary to know
Another term for sheltered instruction, preferred in California and others states because it places emphasis on the fact that such instruction is academically rigorous but specially designed to math linguistics needs of the student
Sheltered instruction observation protocol (SIOP)
A tool for planning, implementing, and evaluating sheltered English content-area instruction.
transitional bilingual education (TBE)
aka: early exit program/subtractive
A program model for ELL students in which native language content area instruction is provided for the first 1-3 years of the programs, in addition to sheltered -English content-area instruction and English as a second language. The amount of native language instruction decreases as sheltered English immersion increases. Students are transitioned to mainstream (no more 1st language)classrooms after just a few years in the program.
developmental bilingual education (DBE)
A form of bilingual education of ELL students, who initially received about 90% of content-area instruction in their native language (L1) and 10% of content-area instruction through sheltered instruction. L1 instruction decreases slowly as sheltered English instruction increases as students move up in grade level. Instruction continues in both languages until the end of the program, even after students attain proficiency in English to ensure that student attain strong bilingual and bi-literacy skills. Also referred to as maintenance late-exit bilingual education.
5-7 years, their native language is not taken away.
dual language programs
Books printed in two languages in which on language appears above the other or the two languages are written side by side on one page or on opposite pages.
Bilingual program for all children so all kids learn both languages.
bilingual immersion programs
For language minority students who are English dominant native English speakers who desire to become bilingual. Students are initially instruction in 90-100% in the non English target language for the first 2 years of the program. Instruction evens out gradual to 50% in the non English language as students move up in grade level. Goal is for English speakers to learn both languages.
heritage language programs
Program for language minority student to develop or maintain their heritage language; includes bilingual programs for Ells, foreign language classes targets native speakers in K-12 and post secondary education and community based after school or weekend programs.
A program model for ELLs in which students are placed in mainstream or sheltered English immersion classrooms but are regularly pulled out of class for (45 min) ESL lesson taught by an ESL teacher.
A certified ESL teacher teaches ESL to those who need it in a regular classroom by using ESL strategies in her lesson.
For beginning level ELL students who have been in the United States for only 1 or 2 years. Programs typically provide intensive English instruction an may include some native language instruction and ample primary language support. Focuses on helping students develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in English.
sheltered English immersion (SEI)
A program model for ELLs that combines ESL, sheltered content-area instruction and primary language support. Sometimes called structured English immersion.
The process of placing ELL students in mainstream classrooms where they do not receive any ESL sheltered content institution or primary language support also called sink-or-swim
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