Roles and Stages of Film Production
Terms in this set (23)
A person who acts, or plays a role in an artistic production. The term commonly refers to someone working in movies, television, live theatre, or radio
Assists and collaborates with the director in the performance of his/her duties, may physically direct secondary scenes, extras shots, and substitute for the director in his/her absence on the primary shooting.
an assistant of the sound engineer or "sound mixer." The main responsibility is microphone placement, they also place wireless microphones on actors when it is necessary. They are part of the sound crew, who manages to keep the microphone boom, near to the action, but away from the camera frame, so that it never appears onscreen, but allows the microphone to pursue the actors as they move.
As the head member of the camera crew, they use the camera as coached by the director. They are accountable for maintaining the required action is correctly filmed in the frame, and needs to react instinctively as the proceedings take place.
They regulate lighting for every scene, performs some frame shots, chooses the lenses to be used, decide on film stock and guarantee that the visual appearance of the project follows to the directors initial foresight. They do not maneuver the camera on the set, as this is usually the exclusive role of a camera operator.
Part of a film crew, whose primary task is to operate the clapper board at the beginning of each take and to load the raw film stock into camera magazines.
Makes all the clothing and costumes worn by all the actors on screen, as well as designing, planning, and organizing the construction of the garments down to the fabric, colours, and sizes. They greatly contribute to the appearance of the film, and set a particular mood, time, feeling, or genre. They alter the overall appearance of a project with their designs and constructions, including impacting on the style of the project, and how the audience interpret the show's characters.
The role typically includes: defining the overall artistic vision of the film; controlling the content and flow of the film's plot; directing the performances of actors, both mechanically by putting them in certain positions (i.e. blocking), and dramatically by eliciting the required range of emotions; organizing and selecting the locations in which the film will be shot; managing technical details such as the positioning of cameras, the use of lighting, and the timing and content of the film's soundtrack; any other activity that defines or realizes the artistic vision the director has for the film. In practice the director will delegate many of these responsibilities to other members of his or her film crew. For example, they may describe the mood she or he wants from a scene, then leave it to other members of the film crew to find a suitable location, or to set up the appropriate lighting.
A specialized piece of film equipment that looks like a little car. It makes the camera able to move without bumps and visual interruptions from start to finish while the camera is filming. It is commonly used to follow beside an actor to give the audience the sense of walking with the actor, or as the actor.
Is the individual who places and moves the dolly track were it is required, and then pushes and pulls the dolly along that track while filming.
The process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. It can also be used to describe the process of re- recording lines by the actor who originally spoke them. The process is technically known as automated dialogue replacement, or ADR
Works in tandem with the director while editing the film that has been shot. The director has the ultimate accountability for editing choices, but often they have substantial contribution in the creative decisions concerned in piecing together a finalized product. Often, they commences their role whilst filming is still in process, by compiling initial takes of footage.
The person who creates and records many of the sound effects. They are essential for producing a professional-sounding soundtrack suitable for distribution and exhibition, also fabricates sounds that can't be correctly recorded while filming.
The head electrician at the production set, and is in charge of lighting the stage in accordance with the direction of the cinematographer.
Is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. These typically include: editing the picture; editing the soundtrack; writing and recording the soundtrack music; adding visual special effects, mainly computer generated imagery and digital compositing; adding audio sound effects.
The script is broken down into individual scenes and all the locations, props, cast members, costumes, special effects and visual effects are identified. An extremely detailed schedule is produced and arrangements are made for the necessary elements to be available to the film-makers at the appropriate times. Sets are constructed, the crew are hired, financial arrangements are put in place and a start date for the beginning of principal photography is set. There will be a read-through of the script which is usually attended by all cast members with speaking parts, all heads of departments, financiers, producers, publicists and of course the director.
Refers to the phase of film production during which the movie is actually shot. It is usually the most expensive phase of film production and generally marks a point of no return for the financiers.
The person with the responsibility of the visual appearance of a production. They design, plan, organize, and arrange set design, equipment availability, as well as the on screen appearance a production will have.
Otherwise known as an advertiser, has the task of raising public awareness of a production, and ultimately increase viewers and sales of it and its merchandise. The main task is to stimulate demand for a product through advertising and promotion.
Is a blueprint for producing a motion picture. It can be adapted from a previous work such as a novel, play or short story, or it may be an original work in and of itself
They are ultimately responsible for all aspects of a film's audio track, from the dialogue and sound effects recording to the re-recording of the final track.
Deals with the mixing, adjusting and fixing the soundtrack.Usually has a major decision-making and a creative role.
Mounts the camera to the operator's body and provides him or her with a freedom of movement comparable to a hand-held camera. Absorbs the jerks, bumps, and other small movements of the operator, while smoothly following the broad movements needed to cover any given scene, such as moving over uneven terrain or through a crowd.