Oedipus the King
Terms in this set (78)
a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta
Priest of Zeus
At the very beginning, he implores Oedipus to do something about the plague that is killing so many people. He celebrates Oedipus's past accomplishments and begs him to "defend his former glory." By his former glory he means Oedipus defeating the sphinx when he became king of Thebes.
the brother of Jocasta and uncle of Antigone who became king of Thebes after the fall of Oedipus
The Chorus - In this play, the chorus represents the elder citizens of Thebes, reacting to the events of the play. The chorus speaks as one voice, or sometimes through the voice of its leader. It praises, damns, cowers in fear, asks or offers advice, and generally helps the audience interpret the play.
from Corinth informs Oedipus that King Polybus and Queen Merope of Corinth were not his actual parents. The messenger himself gave Oedipus as a baby to the Corinthian king and queen. He got the baby from a Theban shepherd whom he met in the woods. Oedipus's ankles were pinned together at the time—in Greek, the name "Oedipus" means "swollen ankles."
he former servant of King Laius who took pity on the baby Oedipus and spared his life. The shepherd was also an eyewitness to the death of King Laius. When Oedipus commands the shepherd to tell him what he knows about Oedipus's origins, the shepherd refuses, and only relents under punishment of death.
Daughter of Oedipus and half-sister of Oedipus. Still a small child in Oedipus Rex, Antigone appears at the end to bid farewell to her father. She is the main character of Sophocles's Antigone
Ismene - Daughter of Oedipus and half-sister of Oedipus. Like Antigone, Ismene is a small child and appears only at the end of the play when her father says goodbye to her.
he blind prophet or seer. He knows that the terrible prophecy of Oedipus has already come true, but doesn't want to say what he knows. Only when Oedipus accuses him of treachery does Tiresias suggest that Oedipus himself is guilty of the murder of King Laius. He leaves Oedipus with a riddle that implies, plainly enough for the audience to understand, that Oedipus has killed his father and married his mother.
Who warned Oedipus about his fate?
who spared infant Oedipus's life?
arrogance demonstrated by a character as result of pride or passion
author of oedipus rex
City being destroyed by a plague because of an unsolved murder.
City in which Oedipus was raised
Destroyed herself after Oedipus correctly answered her riddle
Father of Greek Theatre
Feeling Oedipus has when he hears the King of Corinth is dead
location of apollo's temple
Who is the most concern about Laios's murder?
Where did Oedipus send Creon at the beginning of the play?
To the Pythian oracle
What does Oedipus announce to the Theban people?
That if any man confesses, he will only be banished
That he too will be punished if he helps the killer
That if anyone knows who killed Laius, he should come forward
Who is rumored to have killed Laius?
What does Teiresias say when he arrives?
That he will not tell who did it
How does Oedipus respond when Teiresias charges him with killing Laius?
He calls Teiresias a blind fool
He accuses Creon of killing Laius
He accuses Teiresias of conspiring with Creon
Why does Jocasta's story upset Oedipus?
He killed a man at a crossroads
What made Oedipus go to the oracle when he was young?
A man called him a bastard
Why did Oedipus leave Corinth?
he was afraid of what the oracle said
What is Jocasta doing the next time she leaves the palace?
praying to the gods
What news does the messenger bring from Corinth?
That Polybus was not Oedipus's father
That Corinth wants Oedipus to be its king
That Polybus is dead
What does Oedipus learn from the shepherd?
Oedipus is the son of Laius and Jocasta.
Why does Jocasta cast doubt on prophets and prophecies?
She believes she has already escaped Apollo's oracle (correct answer)
. The prophet Teiresias, when asked by Oedipus to help rescue the city,
is very reluctant to cooperate
Creon tries to prove his innocence to Oedipus by arguing that
he has all the benefits of kingship without any of the responsibilities
After Jocasta re-emerges from the palace and prays to Apollo for deliverance, a messenger from Corinth arrives. What news does he bring?
Polybus is dead
Questioned by Oedipus, the messenger also reveals that
Polybus and Merope are not Oedipus' real mother and father
he took over as the king of thebes
How does Jocasta respond to the messenger's story?
She is horribly upset and begs Oedipus to stop asking questions
Oedpius learns his identity after
threatening to kill the herdsmen
what is jocastas motive for discourage oedpius from speaking to the herdsman
she wants to prevent oedipus from learning the truth
Infant Oedpius had been left in the shadow of mount
Killed his father, married his mother.
introduces the main characters in the beginning of the play?
what does jocasta do to himself?
Leader of the chorus
King of Corinth who raised the abandoned infant Oedipus.
Wife of Laios and Oedipus
King of Thebes who was killed at a place where three roads meet.
last song of the play, usually contains a moral lesson
never wanted to be a king: too much work, already has authority. he is hurt, there is no evidence that he is plotting a consipracy against Oedipus
does not believe in prophecies.
Odepius shares Jocasta's disbelief and believes that
dad died naturally?
Movement of the chorus from left to right across the stage.
movement of the chorus from right to left
They will follow the killer wherever he goes.
One of Oedipus daughters
Queen of Corinth feared by Oedipus
The Chorus says that Teiresias is in
lying in Ode I
IOedipus___himself with the brooches from Jocasta's dress
Oedipus accused Creon of being a
traitor at the opening of scene 2 ode 2
Oedipus follows his own edict and goes into
play that comically portrayed mythological stories or poked fun at politics
The Chrous prays to _____.
Athena, Artemis, & Apollo for help.
Scene in a play
Purification of a characters emotions; an emotional release
songs that comment on the action of the play or its characters
Serious play in which the main character suffers from a flaw
Opening song as the chorus makes its entrance
resolution of the main conflict of the play
why does oedipus send for tiresias?
Oedipus calls upon the Chorus to reveal anything they know about the murder. They know little & suggest Oedipus send for Tiresias for more information.
Oedpius is so determined to discover the murder of Laius
an oracle in pytho said he was destined to kill his father and marry his mother.
what did odepius do at a place where three roads meet?
he committed murder
why did oedipus run away from his home in corinth?
He does not want to fulfill the prophecy of him killing his father and marrying his mother so, since he believes that King Polybus and Queen Merope (king and queen of Corinth) are his real father and mother, he runs away to Thebes, thinking that he is protecting his alleged parents.
what is the chorus' attitude toward old prophecies?
they are not true.
how would you describe Jocasta's view of the prophet and prophecies?
Blindness led to the truth, and truth led to blindness. Oedipus, Teiresias, and Jocasta were all blind, yet all found the truth.
what did the shepherd do with the baby he was ordered to kill?
he takes him to Corinth and is raised by the childless King Polybus.
What does Teiresias answer when Oedipus asks the identity of his father?
That the knowledge will be revealed soon enough and that the knowledge will be devastating are what Teiresias answers when Oedipus asks for his father's identity in "Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles (495 B.C.E. - 405 B.C.E.).
Specifically, Teiresias the blind prophet makes the shocking charge that Theban King Oedipus is the killer of his royal predecessor, King Laius. Oedipus comes up with all sorts of insults and threats in return. Teiresias then announces that his prophecies were good enough for Oedipus' parents, which shocks Oedipus but gives him none but riddling answers.
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