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Nutrition test 3

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following is a nutrient of concern for vegans?
Vitamin B-12
This is a protein energy malnutrition characterized by extreme thinness.
marasmus
which of the following proteins are fundamental to the immune system?
antibodies
Of the twenty amino acids relevant to the body, how many are considered non essential?
eleven
which is the only complete vegetable protein?
soy
a complete protein contains
all essential amino acids
which of the following is used to measure protein quality?
The amount of essential amino acids present and the digestibility of the protein
The digestion of proteins begins in the
stomach
Which of the following health problems has been associated with adequate calories but low protein intake?
kwashiorkor
what is edema?
A fluid imbalance that results in the swelling of tissues
Diseases that cause the malabsorption of fat can result in deficiency of
Both linoleic and linolenic acid.
Where do humans obtain Vitamin D?
sunlight and diet
Vitamin D toxicity is associated with
supplements
insufficient vitamin D during adulthood is associated with
osteomalacia
The effects of vitamin B deficiencies include
mental confusion and dermatitis.
vitamin k's primary role in the body is
blood clotting
in addition to dietary sources, vitamin k is produced where?
large intestine.
Which water soluble vitamin can regenerate vitamin E after it has been oxidized?
Vitamin C
Which of the following is not a function of vitamin E?
improving the absorption of vitamin C if dietary intake is low.
which of the following nutrients requires the most frequent consumption to prevent deficiency symptoms?
Thiamine.
The doctor has recently told Jenny that her iron stores are low. What should she consume?
A glass of orange juice
which of the following is the best source of thiamine?
whole grains
pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with
niacin
Which of the following conditions have vitamin B6 supplements been used to treat?
premenstrual syndrome.
Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo?
folate is needed for proper cell division.
Vitamin B12 is essential for the proper functioning of
nerve cells
Research studies have consistently demonstrated an association between a reduced risk of cancer and
increased consumption of fruits and vegetables
Using a sunscreen with SPF of 8 or greater can inhibit the synthesis of vitamin D..True or false?
True
The B-complex vitamins are good energy sources for the body..True or false?
False
What element makes protein different from carbohydrate and fat?
nitrogen
All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule except:
A fatty acid group
Which part of an amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids?
side chain
which of the following foods is a complete source of protein?
chicken
Milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. The change in protein is called..
denaturation
in the human body; proteins are found in
the blood, bone tissue and muscle tissue.
Which of the following is not a major function of protein in the body?
providing energy to the body
all of the following are examples of protein hormones except
testosterone
The process of combining to incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called
mutual supplementation.
in order to increase muscle mass a person must
consume adequate protein and carbohydrates and begin a proper training program.