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45 terms

Blood System

STUDY
PLAY
hematology
scientific study of blood
blood
life giving fluid of the body
plasma
straw colored liquid that makes up over half the volume of blood
fibrinogen
protein essential for clotting
albumin
protein that aids in maintaining normal BP
prothrombin
used for blood clotting purposes
hemopoiesis
production of formed elements in blood
differentiation
cells become specializedfor specific functions
erythrocytes
red blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells
thrombocytes
platelets
hemoglobin
iron protein
macrophages
break down of RBC and hemoglobin into bilirubin
phagocytic cell
responds to infection and tissue damage by engulfing and destroying bacteria
eosinophils
increase in number in an allergic reaction
basophils
secrete histamine and heparin
monocytes
largest white blood cell
lymphocytes
made in lymph nodes and circulate blood in lymphatic system
hemostasis
clotting
thrombus
clot that forms and stays in place in a blood vessel
thrombosis
abnormal vascular condition in which a thrombus forms
embolism
abnormal circulatory condition in which a clot dislodges and travels through the blood stream
embolus
dislodged circulating clot
8-10
average number of pints of blood an adult carries
2-8
normal range of blood clotting
antigens
makes one persons blood different from the other's
antibodies
proteins used by the immune system to identify bacteria and virus
agglutination
clumping of RBC
Type A blood
anti-B antibodies
Type A blood
anti-A antibodies
Type AB blood
universal recipient
Type O blood
universal donor
hemolysis
breakdown of blood cells
Rh factor
antigen found on the surface of RBC
cholesterol
formed from the metabolism of fats
LDL
low density lipoprotein bad cholesterol
HDL
high density lipoprotein good cholesterol
triglycerides
common types of fats that are good for you in normal amounts
anemia
deficiency of oxygen being delivered to the cells because of decrease in the quantity of HgB or RBC
aplastic anemia
a reduction in the number of RBC, WBC and platelets
hemolytic anemia
extreme reduction in circulating RBC's due to their destruction
pernicious anemia
lack of vitamin B12 causing a deficiency of mature RBC
sickle cell anemia
crescent shaped RBC clump together forming an occlusion in a blood vessel
hemophilia
different hereditary inadequacies of coagulation factors 8 and 9
leukemia
cancer of the bone marrow that leads to excessive uncontrolled increase of immature WBC