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40 terms

Executive Branch

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Executive Branch
Article II, enforces the laws, establishes the position/role of President and Vice President
President Requirements
35 years old, natural born citizen and 14 years resident
Electoral College
A group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
Cabinet
A group of advisers to the president. 15 departments total.
Chief of Staff
The person who is named to direct the White House Office and advise the president.
Press Secretary
The presidential staff member responsible for handling White House media relations and communications
Department of State
Cabinet-level agency in charge of foreign policy & international affairs. (Secretary Kerry)
Foreign Policy
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
Diplomat
A person representing a party/nation to another party/nation
Ambassador
A person who represents the U.S. government in another country
Embassy
The residence or office of an ambassador in a foreign country.
Foreign Policy Goals
(1) National security (2) Organize trade (3) World peace (4) Promote democracy
Chief of State
The president as ceremonial head of the United States
Chief of Party
The president as the leader of his or her political party
Chief Legislator
The role of the president in influencing the making of laws and creating policy
Chief Guardian of the Economy
The President dealing with the economy and the general well being of the U.S. citizens.
Chief Executive
Decides how the laws of the US are to be enforced and choosing officials and advisors to help run the Executive Branch
Commander in Chief
The role of the president as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into federal service
Chief Diplomat
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and effecting executive agreements.
Department of Defense
A department of the federal executive branch entrusted with formulating military policies and maintaining American military forces. Its top official is the civilian secretary of defense. It is headquartered in the Pentagon.
Department of Energy
The federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States
Department of Commerce
Supervises trade and promotes U.S. businesses
Department of Treasury
Coins and prints money; enforces monetary laws; in charge of the nation's finances
Department of Homeland Security
US federal agency created in 2002 to coordinate national efforts against terrorism
Department of Health and Human Services
Department that administers federal programs dealing with public health, welfare, and income security.
Department of Housing and Urban Development
The United States federal department that administers federal programs dealing with better housing and urban renewal
Department of Veteran Affairs
Manages educational training, pension, and medical benefits programs for veterans
Department of Education
Manages federal education programs, oversees educational grants to the states.
Department of Interior
Manages and protects the nations public lands
Department of Agriculture
Responsible for developing and executing U.S federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food.
Department of Justice
Federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (includes FBI, Civil Rights Division, Antitrust Division, Drug Enforcement Administration...) and administration of justice,
Department of Transportation
Promotes and regulates highways, mass transit, railroads, waterways, air travel, and oil and gas pipelines
Department of Labor
Rights to workers, safe working environments, OCEA, Enforce minimum wage
Ballot
A list of candidates on which you cast your vote
Open Primary
Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.
Closed Primary
A primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
Caucus
Locally held meeting in a state to select delegates who, in turn, will nominate candidates to political offices
Lame Duck President
A President who is in his last days of Presidency and the new president has already been elected. (i.e. Barack Obama after the 2016 election)
Inauguration
A ceremony in which the president takes the oath of office
State of the Union
A yearly report by the president to Congress describing the nation's condition and recommending programs and policies