Social studies midterm
Terms in this set (61)
New York and New Jersey were originally what type of colony?
Why did he English establish a colony on Roanoke island?
To provide a market and raw materials for English.
The pilgrims who came to North America were also own as what?
Which colony became a Dutch settlement?
New York (new Ampsterdam
How would you describe the climate of the southern colonies?
Warm and humid
What was another name for the border between Maryland and Pennsylvania that was established in the 1760s?
Why did Powhatan turn against Jamestown settlers?
the settlers raided the Native American villages for food.
What is the earliest example of representative democracy in what is now the United States?
Virginia's House of Burgesses
What kind of colony did James Oglethorpe want?
So that debtors were protected
Why did the colonists expect a voice in their government?
The legal rights had led them to expect a voice.
Unlike modern public schools, colonial public schools include instruction on in what?
Which colony had a band from slavery until the 1750s?
Who's trail help to establish freedom of the press?
Who had controlling authority in colonial families?
Husbands and fathers (men)
How are most colonial woman expected to marry?
Would be married by the time they were 20
Someone who was chosen by their parents
Around what age were colonial children expected to be working?
What led to the rise of many new churches in the colonies?
The great awakening
What was the main reason why colonial authorities wrote slave codes?
They feared slave revolts
Who is allowed to vote in the American colonies?
White men ONLY
Who wrote Poor Richards Almanac?
What did the Albany plan of union attempt to do?
Unite the American colonies
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
Colonist had to settle east of the Application Moutains
Why did colonists resent the Tea Act?
Established a British monopoly on tea
Who captured Fort Ticonderoga?
Green Mountain boys and Ethan Allen
What did the Olive Branch Petition state?
That the colonist remain loyal to the king
What was the Stamp Act?
It required them to buy Stamps to put on legal documents
What was the first step that the sent Second Continental Congress took in preparation for war?
Forming an army
What was Fort Necessity?
Was for the first battle of the French and Indian war. Built 50 miles away from Ft. Duncan's and later captured by the French.
What's side fired the first shot in the American revolution?
What gathering was George Washington chosen as Commander of the Continental Army?
The second continental congress
What two groups of people surround is soldiers during the Boston massacre?
Workers and sailers
What is the first main section of the Declaration of Independence?
Stated general ideas about society and government
What was the main purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
To declare the United States independence from Britain
Who was a patriots spy during the fight for New York?
Which battle was a major turning point in the revolution?
Battle of Saratoga
Which country was the first to sign a treaty of alliance with the United States?
Who introduced the Virginia Resolution?
Richard Henry Lee
What side were most Native Americans on during the Revolutionary War?
What happened the day after Christmas in 1776?
GW won battle at Trenton
What marked the official end of the American Revolution?
Congressional approval of the Treaty of Paris
Where did the American Revolution inspire other revolutionary movements?
France and Latin America
Which group did not support the Federalists?
What were the functions of the National Bank?
to be a safe place for deposits of government funds
What were the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions?
Related to the issue of states rights.
What did Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion show?
proved the strength of the national government
How are the American and French Revolutions alike?
Both began as a fight against monarchy and inequality.
Who had the greatest impact on economic policy of the Washington administration?
What was Alexander Hamilton's view of government?
He though the USA Should make strong ties with Britain to encourage trade.
In his Farewell Address, who did George Washington warn against becoming involved?
He did not want USA to get caught up in European affairs
Which event forced Native Americans to give up their land in present day Ohio?
Battle of fallen timbers
What did Thomas Jefferson do about the Sedition act?
Opposed them-> granted the president powers to restrict activities for French Revolution supporters.
What were the objectives of the Lewis & Clark expedition?
1) to make peace with Native Americans
2) to report the geography, and natural resources
3) to find a way to the Pacific ocean
What was the outcome of the War of 1812?
Britain and US agreed to stop fighting
Who did the United States purchase the Louisiana Territory from?
What is the judicial review?
The SC has the right to decide whether something is constitutional
What happened to the Native Americans after the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
They enter westward.
What actions did Jefferson take to reduce the size and power of the federal government?
1) cutting government spendings
Who attempted to unite the Native Americans of the Old Northwest?
Why was the Mississippi River important to farmers?
farmers were able to ship goods to New Orleans market
Why was Thomas Jefferson uneasy about buying the Louisianna Territory?
He was not sure if it was constitutional for the president to buy land.
Which person attempted to unite the Indians?