A severe deficiency of thyroid hormone leading to nonpitting edema, coarse facial features, dry skin, and dry coarse hair is known as:
A) congenital hypothyroidism.
D) Hashimoto thyroiditis.
Myxedema (hypothyroidism) is a deficiency of thyroid hormone. If severe, the symptoms include nonpitting edema or myxedema; a puffy edematous face, especially around eyes (periorbital edema); coarse facial features; dry skin; and dry, coarse hair and eyebrows. Congenital hypothyroidism is a thyroid deficiency that occurs at an early age; characteristics include low hairline, hirsute forehead, swollen eyelids, narrow palpebral fissures, widely spaced eyes, depressed nasal bridge, puffy face, thick tongue protruding through an open mouth, and a dull expression. Scleroderma is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by chronic hardening and shrinking degenerative changes in the skin blood vessels, synovium, and skeletal muscles. Hashimoto thyroiditis is a condition with excess thyroid hormone production; symptoms include goiter, nervousness, fatigue, weight loss, muscle cramps, heat intolerance, tachycardia, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, fine muscle tremor, thin silky hair and skin, infrequent blinking, and a staring appearance.