Unit 4: Congress
Terms in this set (40)
Being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect.
Permanent committee that deals with specific policy matters. (Agriculture, energy, veterans' affairs, etc...)
Temporary committee appointed for a specific purpose. Most are formed to investigate. (Watergate; Bengazi)
Made up of members of both houses on congress. It may be a select committee or perform routine duties. (Joint committee on the Library of Congress)
War Powers Resolution
Temporary committee of members of both Houses of Congress created to resolve the differences in House and Senate versions of a bill. (Compromise Committee)
The Committee System
Leadership of Committees
Committee chairpersons are members of the majority party in each house, they're chosen by the party caucus.
-Set agendas, assign members to sub committees, decide whether a committee will hold a public hearing and which witnesses to call.
--Manage floor debate when bill is presented to full House or Senate.
Traditionally, chairpersons were chosen based on the seniority system - the majority party members having the longest length of committee service chosen as the chairperson.
-Today, reforms allow for the selection of chairpersons who are not the most senior majority - party member on the committee.
--Most are long standing members of the committee.
Membership on committees
Representatives are usually assigned to one or two standing committees.
-Senators are normally assigned to 2 or 4 committees.
--Members try to serve on committees where they can influence public policy relating to their district or state. (Senator from Iowa on the agriculture committee.)
Sets rules for debate; can "kill" a bill by not voting it out of committee. (Can be overridden by a "discharge petition".)
Ways and Means Committee
Develops tax policy; overseas federal revenue measures.
Attaches the monetary amount to bills that require funding.
Develop bi-annual budget for entire government.