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a mandatory credential process established by law, usually at the state level,that grants the right to practicecertain skills and endeavors


a voluntary credentialing process whereby applicants who meet specific requirements may receive a certificate


a credentialing procedure whereby one's name is listed on a register as having paid a fee and/ormet certain criteria within a profession


official authroization or approval for conforming to a specified standard


the process by which a professional license obtained in one state may be accepted as valid in other states by prior agreement without reexamination

medical practice acts

state laws written for the express purpose of governing the practice of medicine

medical boards

bocies established by the authority of each state's medical practice acts for the purpose of protecting the health, safety, and welfare of health, safety , and welfare of health care consumers through proper licensing and regulation of physicians and other health care practitioners.


means "different suffering" and refers to the medical philosophy that dictates training physicians to intervene in the disease process, through the use of drugs and surgery.

tertiary care settings

those care settings providing highly specialized services


the process by which a license may be awarded based on individual credentials judged to meet licensing requirements in a new state

respondeat superior

"let the master answer" a doctrine under which an employer is legally liable for the acts of his or her employees, if such acts were performed within the scope of the employees' duties

sole proprietorship

a form of medical practice management in which a physician practices alone, assuming all benefits and liabilities for the business

associate practice

medical management system in which two or more physicians share office space and employees but practice individually


a form of medical management system whereby two or more parties practice together under a written agreement specifying the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of each partner


a body formed and authorized by law to act as a single person

group practice

a medical management system in which three or more licensed physicians share the collective income, expenses, facilities, equipment, records and personnel for the business

managed care

a system in which financing, administration, and delivery of health care are combinedto provide medical services to subscribers for a prepaid fee


a traditional form of health insurance that covers the insured against a potential loss of money from medical expenses resulting from an illness or accident

Health maintenance organization

a health plan that combines coverage of health cre costs and delivery of health care cost and delivery of health care for a prepaid premium

individual or independent practice association

a type of HMO that contracts with groups of physicians who practice in their own offices a per-member payment (captiation) from participating HMOs to provide a full range of health services for members

preferred provider organization (PPO)

a network of independent physicians, hospitals, and other health care providers who contract with an insurance carrier to provide medical care at a discount rate to patients who are part of the insurer's plan. AKA preferred provider association (PPA)

physicain-hospital organization (PHO)

a health care plan in which physicians join with hospitals to provide a medical care delivery system and then contract for insurance with a commercial carrier or an HMO

primary care physician

the physician responsible for directing all of a patiner's medical care and determing whether the patient should be referred for speciality care

gatekeeper physician

the promary care physician who directs the medical care of managed care health plan members

point-of-service (POS) plans

a health care plan that allows members to seek health care from non-network physician but pays the highest benefits for care when it is given by the PCP or via a referral for the PCP

open access

a managed care feature whereby subscribers may see any in-network health care provider without a referral

Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986

a federal statute passed to improve the quality if medical care nationwide. one provision established the National Practitioner data bank

Health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996(HIPAA)

a federa statute that helps workers keep continuous health insurance coverage for themselves and their dependents when thy change jobs, protects confidential medical information from unauthorized disclosure or use, and helps curb the rising cost of fraud and abuse

healthcare integrity and protection data bank (HIPDB)

a national health care fraud and abuse data collection program established by HIPAA for the reporting and disclosure of certain adverse actions taken against health care providers, suppliers or practitioners

Federal false claims act

a low that allows for individuals to bring civil actions on behalf of the US government for false claims made to the federal government, under a provision of the law called qui tam to bring an action for the king and oneself


remote consultation by patients with physicians or other heatlh professionals via telephone, closed-circuit tv or the internet


a form of telemedicine that involves direct contact between patinets and phyusicians over the internet usually for a fee


term for the use of the internet as a source of consumber information about health and medicine

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