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65 terms

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Which of the following was not among the features of the increasing domestic anticommunist uproar in the late 1940s?
The Federal Bureau of Investigation successfully prevented the Soviets from stealing American atomic secrets
Which of the following was not true of the changing nature of work in the 1950s?
job opportunities were opening to women in the white collar work force.
During the late 1940s and early 1950s, most American women
lived in a cult of domesticity
The fundamental criticism directed against the new popular mass media culture in the 1950s, by such social critics as David Riesman and William H. Whyte, Jr., was
the era conformity
Richard Nixon's Checkers speech, during the 1952 presidential campaign
saved ike's nomination, and had ike win by a landslide, it showed the new power and influence of TV.
In terms of politics, television did all of the following except
A) threaten the traditional role of political parties.
B) apply the standards of show business and commercialism to political messages.
C) enable political parties to continue their role of educating and mobilizing the electorate.
D) allow lone-wolf politicians to address voters directly.
E) encourage reliance on short slogans and sound bites.
Dwight Eisenhower's greatest asset as president was his
enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people.
In response to Senator Joseph McCarthy's anticommunist attacks, President Eisenhower
publicly denounced him only after he attacked General George Marshall.
Senator Joseph McCarthy first rose to national prominence by
charging that dozens of known Communists were working within the U.S. State Department.
As a result of Senator McCarthy's crusade against communist subversion in America
the State Department lost a number of Asian specialists who might have counseled a wiser course in Vietnam.
The new militancy and restlessness among many members of the African American community after 1945 was especially generated by
the gap between American ideals and racial practices revealed by World War II.
In an effort to overturn Jim Crow laws and the segregated system that they had created, African Americans used all of the following methods except
appeals to foreign governments to pressure the United States to establish racial justice.
Swedish writer Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma essentially argued that
there was a fundamental dilemma within individual Americans, who were torn between the ideals of what he called the
American Creed—values of democracy and equal opportunity—and the realities of discrimination and segregation.
The Supreme Court began to advance the cause of civil rights in the 1950s because
the Constitution clearly prohibited any segregation.
In the epochal 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court
declared that the concept of "separate but equal" facilities for blacks and whites was unconstitutional.
President Dwight Eisenhower's attitude toward racial justice can best be described as
very supportive of racial integration
The Eisenhower-promoted public works project that was far larger and more expensive than anything in Roosevelt's New Deal was the
the interstate highway system
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was an outgrowth of the
"sit-in" movement launched by young southern blacks.
Dwight Eisenhower's policies toward Native Americans included
a return to the assimilation goals of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887.
As the French fortress of Dienbienphu was about to fall to Ho Chi Minh's communist forces in 1954, President Eisenhower
sought a compromise settlement at Geneva.
As a part of his New Look foreign policy, President Eisenhower
sent help to the Hungarian freedom fighters.
In response to the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957
the United States spent nearly a decade trying to equal this achievement
By the end of the 1950s, Latin American anger toward the United States had intensified because Washington had done all of the following except
extend massive aid to Europe and little to Latin America.
Kennedy was often cautious and frustrated in advancing social reform and civil rights legislation because
he needed support from southern legislatures for his medical and economic reforms
The essential purpose of President Kennedy's promise to land a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s was to
Show world US is superior to Soviets
John F. Kennedy's strategy of flexible response
was an updated version of John Foster Dulles's doctrine of massive retaliation.
While it seemed sane enough, John F. Kennedy's doctrine of flexible response contained hidden dangers because it
failed to provide a mechanism for the progressive use of force.
American military forces entered Vietnam in order to
prevent Ngo Dinh Diem's regime from falling to the communists.
The Cuban missile crisis resulted in all of the following except
U.S. agreement to abandon the American base at Guantanamo.
At first, John F. Kennedy moved very slowly in the area of racial justice because he
needed the support of southern legislators to pass his economic and social legislation.
President John Kennedy and Attorney General Robert Kennedy began to join hands with the civil rights movement when they
sent sent federal marshals to protect freedom riders
American and world public opinion turned strongly in favor of the civil rights movement when
Martin Luther King's peaceful demonstrators were viciously attacked in Birmingham .
Besides eliminating segregation and racial discrimination in public facilities and employment, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 included a provision that
discrimination by covered employers on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin
With the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Congress handed the president a blank check to use further force in Vietnam.
In the final analysis, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society programs
won some noteworthy battles in education and health care.
The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 accomplished all of the following except
banning racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public.
After the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, the chief goal of the black civil rights movement in the South became to
prohibit racial discrimination in employment.
The Watts riot in 1965 symbolized
a more militant and confrontational phase of the civil rights movement.
Some advocates of Black Power made the slogan the basis for
emphasizing African American distinctiveness and separatism.
Aerial bombardment in Vietnam
strengthened the communists' will to resist.
The most serious blow to Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam policy
was the Tet offensive of 1968.
The political challenge to President Johnson's Vietnam policies gained great momentum when
Senator Eugene McCarthy nearly defeated Johnson in the New Hampshire Democratic primary.
The attempt to nominate an antiwar Democratic candidate for president in 1968 suffered a crippling blow when
Humphrey was scorched by the LBJ brand.
The 1968 Democratic party convention witnessed
a violent conflict between police and antiwar demonstrators outside the convention hall.
The three P's that largely explain the cultural upheavals of the 1960s are
population bulge, protest against Vietnam, and prosperity.
Lyndon Johnson's insistence on fighting the Vietnam War and funding the Great Society without a tax increase to pay for them led to
a decline in the competitive advantage of American business.
The poor economic performance of the 1970s brought an abrupt end to
reliance on the dollar as a stable international currency.
Richard Nixon's Vietnam policy included all of the following except
increased American troop commitments.
The American armed forces in Vietnam were composed largely of
the least privileged young Americans.
President Nixon's 1970 invasion of Cambodia led to
inflicted grisly
wounds on Cambodia. Incessant American air raids
had blasted its people, shredded its economy, and
revolutionized its politics.
murderous tyrant of vietnam forced from power
The top-secret Pentagon Papers, leaked and published in 1971
exposed the deception that had led the United States into the Vietnam War.
Richard Nixon's policy of détente
was designed to improve relations between the Soviet Union and China.
The Supreme Court, under Chief Justice Earl Warren, outraged religious conservatives in 1962-1963 when it
ruled that prayer and Bible reading in public schools violated the First Amendment.
Richard Nixon's southern strategy included the policy of
soft—pedaling civil rights and opposing school busing to achieve racial balance.
George McGovern, the Democratic nominee for the presidency in 1972, alienated the traditional working-class backbone of the Democratic party
by appealing to racial minorities, feminists, and youth.
In 1973, the American public was shocked to learn that
the U.S. Air Force had been secretly bombing Cambodia since 1973.
As a result of U.S. support for Israel in 1973, when it was attacked by Egypt and Syria
Arab nations placed an embargo on oil to America.
The list of Nixon illegal administration activities uncovered in the Watergate scandal included all of the following except
paying Supreme Court justices to write favorable opinions.
The most controversial action of Gerald Ford's presidency was
pardoning Nixon for any known or unknown crimes he had committed while presidency.
The Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade declared state laws prohibiting abortion were unconstitutional because they
violated a woman's constitutional right to privacy in her own person.
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) failed to be ratified by the needed 38 states largely because
an antifeminist backlash led by Phyllis Schlafly stirred sufficient opposition to stop it.
The Supreme Court, in the Bakke case, held that
racial quotas were unconstitutional but race could be taken into account as one factor in college admissions.
James Earl (Jimmy) Carter enjoyed considerable popularity when he won the presidency because
his emphasis on honesty contrasted with the corruptions of Watergate.
The guiding principle of President Carter's foreign policy was
isolationism.
President Carter believed that the fundamental problem of the American economy in the late 1970s was
U.S. dependence on foreign oil.