40 terms

CINS 203

Midterm
STUDY
PLAY
The complex organizational process through which computer-based information systems are developed and maintained best defines:
Information systems analysis and design
Software designed to support the payroll function would best be classified as:
application software
Computer software designed to support organizational functions or processes best defines:
application software
Comprehensive, multiple-step approaches to systems development that will guide your work and influence the quality of your final product defines:
methodologies
The particular processes that an analyst will follow to help ensure that his work is complete, well-done, and understood by project team members best defines:
techniques
The person in an organization who has the primary responsibility for systems analysis and design is the:
systems analyst
Large, complex systems that consist of a series of independent system modules best describes:
enterprisewide systems
Which of the following are true statements regarding today's analysis and design of
information systems?
All of the above.
Which of the following is one of the three classes of information systems mentioned in the textbook?
transaction processing systems
Transaction processing systems:
automate the handling of data about business activities
Which of the following can be considered a goal of TPS development?
all of the above
Management information systems:
take relatively raw data that have been previously captured and convert them into a meaningful aggregated form that managers need to conduct their responsibilities
Decision support systems:
are designed to help organizational decision makers make decisions
Which of the following requires a systems development method that uses a data orientation and is concerned with understanding relationships among data so data can be accessed and summarized in a variety of ways?
management information system
Which of the following is an IS characteristic for a transaction processing system?
has a high-volume, data capture focus
Which of the following is an IS characteristic for a management information system?
draws on diverse yet predictable data resources to aggregate and summarize data
Which of the following is an IS characteristic for a decision support system?
often involves semi-structured problems and the need to access data at different levels of
detail
Which of the following utilizes process orientation as its systems development method?
transaction processing system
Which of the following utilizes data and decision logic orientations as its systems
development methods?
decision support system
The traditional methodology used to develop, maintain, and replace information systems best defines:
SDLC
Which of the following is a true statement regarding the SDLC phases?
The life cycle can be thought of as a circular process in which the end of the useful life of
one system leads to the beginning of another project to develop a new version of or
replace an existing system.
During the SDLC planning phase, which of the following activities is undertaken?
Both b and c.
The second phase of the SDLC in which system requirements are studied and structured best defines:
analysis
The output for the analysis phase is the:
description of the alternative solution
Analysts convert the description of the recommended alternative solution into logical and then physical system specifications during:
design
The part of the design phase of the SDLC in which the logical specifications of the system from logical design are transformed into technology-specific details from which all programming and system construction can be accomplished best describes:
physical design
Which of the following is a true statement regarding logical design?
All functional features of the system chosen for development in analysis are described
independently of any computer platform.
The phase of the SDLC in which an information system is systematically repaired and improved is referred to as:
maintenance
Which of the following are deliverables for the planning phase?
priorities for systems and projects; an architecture for data, networks, and selection
hardware, and IS management are the result of associated systems
Which of the following are deliverables for the analysis phase?
description of current system and where problems and opportunities are with a general
recommendation on how to fix, enhance, or replace current system
Which of the following are deliverables for the implementation phase?
code, documentation, training procedures, and support capabilities
Turning system specifications into a working system that is tested and then put into use
describes:
implementation
An iterative process of systems development in which requirements are converted to a working system that is continually revised through close collaboration between an analyst
and users best defines:
prototyping
A structured process in which users, managers, and analysts work together for several days in a series of intensive meetings to specify or review system requirements best describes:
JAD
Which of the following is a true statement about RAD?
The emphasis in RAD is generally less on the sequence and structure of processes in
the life cycle and more on doing different tasks in parallel with each other and on using
prototyping extensively.
Which of the following grew out of the convergence of the increased speed and turbulence of doing business in the late 1980s and early 1990s and the ready availability of high-powered,
computer-based tools to support systems development and easy maintenance?
RAD
Which of the following is a systems development methodology created to radically decrease the time needed to design and implement information systems?
RAD
Oracle's Designer, Computer Associates' Advantage Gen, and IBM's Rational Rose are examples of:
CASE tools
The three key principles shared by the Agile Methodologies include:
a focus on self-adaptive processes
Principles identified in the Agile Manifesto include:
all of the above.