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Purchase of Alaska for 7.2 million


Treaty with Samoa marks the beginning of US expanion in the Pacific


Alfred T. Mahan publishes The Influence of Seapower Upon HIstory


McKinley Tariff


USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor


Spanish-American war


Hawaii annexed by joiint resolution of Congress


Treaty of PAris officially ends Spanish-American war; Puerto Rico, guam, and the Philippines added to American posessions


US announces Open Door Policy toward China


Boxer Rebellion suppressed in China


McKinley assassinated; Theodore Roosevelt becomes President


US purchases Panama Canal zone following Panamanian Revolution


Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine


President Roosevelt mediates settlement of Russo-Japanese War


"Gentleman's Agreement" between Japan and the US


Woodrow Wilson elected president


World War I begins in Europe; President Wilson proclaims American neutrality


Sinking of the Lusitania in the North Atlantic


Zimmerman telegram


US enters World War I


Selective Service Act; beginning of the modern draft system


Wilson announces his Fourteen Points


Armistice declared; end of World War I


PEace negotiations in PAris finally result in Treaty of Versailles


SEnate debates Treaty of Versailles, but fails to ratify

William Seward

Secretary of State under Lincoln and Johnson; purchased Alaska and acquired Midway Islands

James G. Blaine

US Senator from Maine, Presidential candidate in 1884, Secretary of State under Garfield, Arthur, and Harrison; promoted Pan-Americanism and building a canal through central America

Alfred T. Mahan

wrote The Influence of Sea Power in History in 1890

Josiah Strong

wrote Our Country that supported the need to bring Christianity to the rest of the world

William McKinley

25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist

Theodore Roosevelt

Spanish-American war hero, Progressive President, pivotal in the building of the Panama Canal

Joseph Pulitzer

creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism

William Randolph Hearst

A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."

John Hay

Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal

George Dewey

US Navy Commodore, hero of Manila Bay

Walter Reed

army doctor who confirmed the theory that yellow fever was transmitted by mosquitos

George Geothals

army engineer who directed the construction of the Panama Canal

William Gorgas

army doctor who abated transmission of yellow fever and malaria by controlling the mosquitos that contracted disease


the Hawaiian Queen who tried to eliminate white control in the Hawaiian government. The white population revolted and seized power. Under McKinley Hawaii was annexed

William Howard Taft

27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term; headed the War Labor Board during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize

Edward House

an American diplomat, politician, and presidential advisor. Sent by Wilson to London, Paris, and Berlin to negotiate a peace settlement

William Jennings Bryan

Wilson's Secretary of State; World's most outstanding Pacifist

Robert Lansing

Wilson's second Secretary of State, interventionist

Edith Bolling Wilson

Second wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. She has been labeled "the Secret President" and "the first woman to run the government" for the role she played when her husband suffered prolonged and disabling illness after a stroke in October 1919.

Jeannette Rankin

the first woman elected to congress. she was from montana and voted against WWI as well as WWII.

John J. Pershing

Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace

Alvin York

Tennessee-born soldier whose action in the Argonne Forest made him an american hero, killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom

Charles Schenck

arrested for violating the Espionage Act

Henry Cabot Lodge

a Republican who disagreed with the Versailles Treaty, and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened.

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