27 terms

Seventh Grade Unit 4 Poetry Terms

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imagery
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the five senses-sight, sound,smell, taste, and touch
figurative language
not meant to be taken literally
metaphors
comparison between two unlike things describing one thing as if it were the other
personification
gives human qualities to something nohuman; the clarinets sang
similes
use like or as to compare two unlike things
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
repetition
the repeated use of a sound, word, or phrase
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in words that end with different consonants as in fade and hay
consonance
the repetition of final consonant sounds in words with different vowel sounds as in end and hand
onomatopoeia
use of words that imitate sounds , like Pow!
rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of words
rhythm
the beat you hear as you read a poem aloud; counting the syllables
lines
breaks up a poem into many individual parts; may be punctuated differently or not at all; usually begin with capital letters. similar to sentence in prose
stanza
the arrangement of a group of lines; each stanza is set off from the next by a blank line below it; similar to a paragraph in prose
prose
language ordinarily used in speaking or writing; writing that is not poetry
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem; written in letters; aabb is a stanza whose first two and last two lines rhyme..
end rhyme
occurs when the ends of lines share the same sound
internal rhyme
occurs within a single line
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines
Lyric poetry
expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
sonnet
fourteen line poems that follow a specific rhyme scheme;
narrative poetry
tells a story in verse
free verse
lack of strict structure
limerick
humorous five line poems with a specific rhyme scheme
concrete poem
the words are arranged to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem
Haiku
short, unrhymed poems, often about nature; originated in Japan; five syllables, then seven, then five
symbol
something that represents something else