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SOCI 101 QUIZ 10
Terms in this set (35)
The longevity discrepancy between blacks and whites may be a sign of:
The "drift explanation" of the relationship between health and socioeconomic status states that:
genetics and biology affect socioeconomic status (SES) so that people who are healthier have an easier time maintaining a high SES.
When it comes to health care, Western societies:
are reactive; people tend to go to the doctor only when they decide they are sick.
Which government program provides medical care for the elderly and the young with disabilities?
Poor diet during adolescence can be detrimental to growth potential because:
it is one of the periods in life in which a growth spurt takes place.
Asians tend to have lower infant mortality rates than others in the United States. This is most likely attributable to:
Lleras-Muney (2005) found that an extra year of schooling decreased a person's chances of dying by ____________ percentage points in a ten-year period.
Which of the following is a reason for the decline in doctors' authority after 1990?
rising ability of nurse practitioners to treat patients
Which profession has the least number of practitioners in the United States?
The Whitehall Study found that men in lower ranks had all of the following risk factors EXCEPT:
When Susie takes up smoking, the cost of her insurance coverage goes up. This is a result of:
What did Mechanic and Meyer find to be the most important factor for patients in rating their doctor?
The explanation for the relationship between socioeconomic status and health that focuses on an individual's social class, and the relative stressors inherent in a lower-class lifestyle, is called:
If you are interested in comparing the rates of illness between males and females in your dorm, you need to know the different:
Historically, physicians did not have particularly high prestige, but their power did peak around:
The American values of hard work and self-reliance might lead blacks to follow the example of which folklore figure in order to prove themselves?
Inequality creates ____________, which affects our height through stress reactions.
What is a social benefit of adopting the sick role?
People who do so are not looked down on or morally judged if they do not work.
A sociological explanation for the rise in autism diagnoses in recent years is that:
autism has become socially "contagious," as more people become familiar with the symptoms and are more likely to see them in their children.
After mental illness became "medicalized," what was one major change that occurred?
medication replaced counseling
Hypertension is directly related to stress, which can be attributed to being poor. However, poor African Americans in the United States have rates of hypertension that are similar to middle- and upper-class African Americans. How would the "tokenism theory" explain this?
All African Americans may still experience discrimination
If state and federal health care plans don't change, which of the following can you look forward to when you turn 65?
Reproductive technology has increased the number of multiple births, which leads to the ethical issue of:
whether to abort some of the embryos
Which of the following was the result of medical licensing that began in the mid-1800s?
it gave physicians more economic clout
A government program that provides health insurance for the poor is:
Morbidity means ____________; mortality means ____________.
What public health risk do we face if more and more people fail to complete prescribed courses of antibiotics?
the development of antimicrobial-resistant antigens
Your text suggests that significant economic development in underdeveloped areas of the world would require:
What is one reason men have higher mortality rates than women
women are more likely to seek medical care
____________ results from inadequate growth during gestation or a curtailed period of gestation.
low birth rate
Why did the elderly who received more Social Security have higher mortality rates than the elderly who received less Social Security and had to work part-time?
Working had a positive impact on their longevity due to social interaction
What population currently has the highest rate of HIV contraction in the United States?
African American women
While HMOs might decrease the prestige of physicians, they could also be detrimental to patients because a patient could be:
Fee-for-service caused a situation where physicians could control the number of (often unnecessary) visits required for treatment. This problem was called:
Why aren't antibiotics as successful in treating illnesses as they were several years ago?
Bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics
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