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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (86)
A triad formed by stacking two major thirds. The interval between the root and fifth of the chord is an augmented 5th.
Signs used to raise or lower a pitch.
A C clef drawn on the middle line of the staff.
The way that a note is attacked, sustained, and released.
A dot that increases the duration of a note by one half.
A clef used to indicate the F3 position on a staff.
A curly symbol used to group staves, as in the grand staff.
A symbol used to group staves of like instruments.
A vertical line through one or more staves marking the end of a measure.
The lowest sounding voice in a choir. The lowest line in any musical texture is often called the 'bass line'.
A twelve-note scale consisting completely of half steps.
A collection of three or more pitches. The realization of the pitches makes it clear that they form a chord (e.g., attacked simultaneously).
A clef used to indicate the C4 (middle C) position on the staff.
A symbol used on a staff to indicate which pitches are associated with which lines and spaces.
A four-part setting of a hymn tune. The term is most often associated with Bach's settings of Lutheran hymn tunes.
The amount of time a pitch or rest is sustained.
In jazz terminology, an octatonic scale.
Diminished seventh chord:
A seventh chord consisting of interlocking minor thirds. The outer interval is a diminished seventh.
A triad formed by stacking two minor thirds. The interval between the root and fifth of the chord is a diminished 5th.
The fifth scale degree in a diatonic scale. Also, the triad based on that scale degree.
A solid notehead with a single flagged stem; an eighth of a whole note (in 4/4 time).
Sounding the same but being spelled differently.
An interval formed by two pitches that span five successive letter names (e.g., C to G: C[D][E][F]G).
An accidental that lowers a pitch by a half step.
An interval formed by two pitches that span four successive letter names (e.g., C to F: C[D][E]F).
The tone whose frequency of vibration (in Hertz) gives a sound its pitch.
Two staves—one using a treble and one using a bass clef—commonly used for keyboard music.
An open notehead with a stem, equivalent to two quarter notes (half of a whole note).
A semitone, the smallest interval used in most Western music.
Harmonic minor scale:
A minor scale with a raised seventh scale degree. Its half steps are located between scale degrees 2 and 3, 5 and 6, and 7 and 8.
The distance between two pitches.
Short lines drawn parallel to the staff that extend it upwards or downwards.
The seventh scale degree in a diatonic scale. The leading tone has a strong tendency to resolve up to the tonic.
A diatonic (seven-note) scale with half steps between scale degrees 3 and 4 and degrees 7 and 8.
A diatonic (seven-note) scale with a half step between scale degrees 2 and 3. There are three forms: natural, harmonic, and melodic minor.
A type of scale or interval (e.g. C major scale or major third).
A triad where the root and third form a major third, and the root and fifth form a perfect fifth.
A unit of musical time containing a fixed number of beats, as determined by the piece's meter signature. A bar line indicates its end.
A sign at the very start of a piece that indicates both how many beats appear in one measure and what rhythmic value is the beat.
The C near the center of the piano keyboard and between the staves of a grand staff. Also referred to as C4.
A type of scale or interval (e.g. A minor scale or minor third).
A triad where the root and third form a minor third, and the root and fifth form a perfect fifth.
Music Fundamentals Online
The third scale degree in a diatonic scale, found midway between the tonic and the dominant. Also the triad based on that scale degree.
Melodic minor scale:
A minor scale where scale degrees 6 and 7 are raised ascending but natural descending. Its half steps are at scale degrees 2-3 and 7-8 or 6-5.
An accidental that restores a pitch to its non-altered position.
Natural minor scale:
A diatonic (seven-note) scale with half steps between scale degrees 2 and 3 and degrees 5 and 6.
A musical symbol made up of a notehead and often a stem. A note indicates the duration of a sound and, when placed on a staff, its pitch.
The oval-shaped portion of a note. Noteheads are either open (e.g., whole note) or filled (e.g., quarter note).
An eight-note scale consisting of alternating whole and half steps (or half, then whole)
The interval between two notes of the same name in adjacent registers (e.g. C3 to C4).
A note whose frequency of vibration is an integral multiple of some fundamental frequency.
A five-note scale often used in folk and traditional music.
The highness or lowness of a tone, as determined by the frequency of vibration (in Hertz) of the sound's fundamental.
A solid notehead with a stem; a quarter of a whole note (in 4/4 time).
A part of the pitch range of an instrument (e.g. high, middle, or low).
A symbol that indicates the duration of a silence.
The organization of sound in time.
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order.
The individual notes of a scale, typically identified by a number.
A four-note chord that can be written as three stacked thirds (major and minor only). From bottom to top: root, third, fifth, and seventh.
The part of a note that extends vertically from the notehead.
An interval formed by two pitches that span two successive letter names (e.g., C to D).
An interval formed by two pitches that span seven successive letter names (e.g., C to B: C[D][E][F][G][A]B).
An accidental that raises a pitch by a half step.
A solid notehead with a double-flagged stem; a sixteenth of a whole note (in 4/4 time.)
An interval formed by two pitches that span six successive letter names (e.g., C to A: C[D][E][F][G]A).
An articulation that detaches a played note from the notes that precede and follow it (in contrast to legato).
(Usually) five horizontal lines used for indicating pitch height.
Two or more staves grouped to be played simultaneously.
The fourth scale degree in a diatonic scale. Name stresses it lies five steps below the tonic. Also, the triad based on that scale degree.
The sixth scale degree in a diatonic scale, found midway between the tonic and the subdominant. Also, the triad based upon that scale degree.
The second scale degree in a diatonic scale, so named because it lies just above the tonic. Also the triad based on the second scale degree.
The seventh scale degree in a natural minor scale - located one whole step below the tonic.
The highest sounding voice in a choir. The uppermost line in any musical texture is often called the 'soprano line'.
A curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch indicating that there is no break between them. A tie adds the duration of the second note to the first.
A three-note chord that can be written as two stacked thirds. As stacked thirds, the notes from bottom to top are the root, third, and fifth.
A C clef drawn on the fourth line (from the bottom) of the staff.
An articulation that detaches a played note from the notes that precede and follow it (in contrast to legato). Tenuto detaches less than staccato.
An interval formed by two pitches that span three successive letter names (e.g., C to E: C[D]E).
A clef used to indicate the G4 position on the staff.
The first scale degree in a diatonic scale. Also, the triad based on that scale degree.
The interval between a pitch and itself.
A six-note scale consisting entirely of whole steps.
An open notehead equivalent to four quarter notes in 4/4 time.
Two semitones, also called a tone or a step.
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