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59 terms

Theories Exam

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Behavioral therapy is associated with
All but a philosophical view of human behavior
Behavior therapy assumes
behavior is learned
behavior therapy is characterized by
ALL: overt specific behavior, precise treatment goals, appropriate treatment plan, assessment of results
Behavior therapy is based on
applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process
A-B-C model of functional analysis of behavior
Both: tool used to identify conditions that maintain a behav. pattern and identifies behavioral cues
main goal of behavior therapy is
eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning
What is NOT true of relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy?
The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals
Function of behavior therapist?
ALL: provide modeling, provide collaborative th. environment, assess behavior problems, provide reinforcement
Intervention NOT associated with third wave of behavior therapy?
Relaxation training
Not true regarding Behavior therapy?
Client is merely passive while therapist uses techniques
Social Skills Training
ALL: psychoeducational, modeling, role playing, learn to express needs to others
Which anxiety reduction tech. involves creating a hierarchy of the client's fearful experiences?
systematic desensitization
Behavior therapy techniques:
ALL: must be suited to problems, have empirical support, incorporate mindfulness, acceptance and spirituality into treatment
Beh. Therapy is suited for
ALL: individual, group, institutions and clinics, classroom
Contributions of behavior therapy
Both: Role of therapist as reinforcer, and blends behavior mod with meditation and acceptance
Untrue about Behavior therapy...
Contemporary behaior ther. is increasingly concerned with behavioral control
NOT a basic characteristic of behavior therapy
Therapist is manipulative and controlling
Who has done most of the work in area of modeling?
Bandura
B.F. Skinner is associated with which trend?
Operant Conditioning
Not true about how behavior th. function?
ALL untrue: use summarizing, reflection, clarification,etc.
focus on specific aspects of problem; assess for info about all aspects of the problem; serve as model for client;
NOT True characteristic of effective self-mgt plan?
External reinforcement is essential in maintaining behavioral changes
NOT a part of steps in a self-directed change program?
Exploring family constellation
NOT one of areas of personality functioning described by acronym "BASIC ID"
Aspirations
"Technical eclecticism" in multimodal therapy
is encouraged
In terms of ethical accountability, behavior therapy
provides a basis for responsible practice
Who developed social cognitive learning model?
Bandura
What distinguishes cognitive trend in behav. th. from trends of classical and operant conditioning?
the integration of thoughts and feelings in the process of behavioral change
Multimodal th. is grounded on:
social learning theory
According to Bandura, what are characteristics of effective models?
similar to observer in age, sex, race and attitudes; degree of prestige and status, exhibiting warmth
NOT used in assertion training?
Relaxation
NOT considered a feature of a good self-contract
Verbal agreement between client and therapist
2nd wave of behavior therapy, therapist:
ALL: continue treatments, increase focus of emotion in change, stronger biological perspective, apply principles to prevention of disease and illness
Behavior therapy emerged during......
1970s
Wolpe's desensitization based on
classical conditioning
Operant Conditioning
behaviors influenced by consequences that follow them
Skinner's view
operant conditioning
Negative reinforcement
removal of unpleasant stimuli from situation once a certain behavior has occurred.
cognitive-behavior therapy
stands alone as a unique approach to psychotherapy
Lazarus
key pioneer of clinical behavior therapy bec. of his devt. of multimodal therapy
NOT a characteristic of beh approach
Beh. therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior
In conducting a behavioral assessment, client's functioning is evaluated in what areas?
ALL: emotional, cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal
goal of acceptance in ACT is:
both: encouraging clients to engage in nonjudgmental observation of cognitions and feelings; and creating psychological flexibility
Behavior Therapists tend to:
ALL: be active and directive, function as consultants, function as problem solvers,
NOT a step in systematic desensitization
hypnosis
mindfulness-based stress reduction includes:
yoga, body scan meditation, present-focused orientation....NOT flooding
Working with diverse clients: behavioral approach
All: specific, action oriented, consideration of environment
Self management includes
All: self monitoring, self award, self contracting, stimulus control
Which behavioral technique would be best for controlling smoking, drinking, etc?
Self management
Difference in behavioral group therapy and other group therapies
1. behavioral assessment 2. form precise treatment goals
3. leaders provide feedback.....NOT: time limited intervention
From multi modal perspective, enduring change is seen as function of:
combined techniques, strategies, and modalities
Lazarus argues in favor of
technical eclecticism
developer of multimodal therapy
Lazarus
Exposure-based therapies:
anxiety reduced through pairing fear with a calming response
in group settings, behavior th. provide:
modeling, teaching new skills, directive support of clients. NOT: little direct feedback
key principle in applied behavior analysis:
Use least aversive means to change behavior
In vivo flooding consists of:
intense and prolonged exposure to the actual anxiety-producing stimuli
EMDR is used to help clients
restructure their cognitions regarding traumatic events
Dialectical behavior therapy
promising blend of behavioral and psychoanalytic techniques;
used for depression
NOT true of dialectical behavior th. (DBT)
blend of Adlerian and behavioral techniques