20 terms

Chapter 13 - Section 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

patents
licenses that give an inventor the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention for a set period of time
productivity
the amount of goods and services created in a given period of time
transcontinental railroad
a railway extending from coast to coast
Bessemer Process
process for making steel more effectively, patented in 1856
mass production
production in great amounts, of steel
Why did people's daily lives change in the decades following the Civil War?
because of new ideas and inventions
How did advances in electric power and communication affect life for people and businesses?
People had light at night and people could talk to others at long distances
Lewis Lattimer
patented an improved method for producing the filament in light bulbs
Thomas Edison
made electric power and invented power station
Edwin Drake
drilled oil using a steam-powered engine which was cheaper and quicker than before
Westinghouse
used a device called a transformer to boost power levels at a station so that electricity could be sent over long distances
Promontory Summit
where the two ends of the transcontinental railroad met
Granville Woods
patented a telegraph system for communicating with moving trains, thus reducing the risk of collision.
What were the advantages of railroads to industry?
Cheaper costs of transportation, lower cost of production, creation of new markets to sell goods
Bessemer process
made it much easier and cheaper to mass produce steel
John A. Roebling
designed a suspension bridge with thick steel cables suspended from high towers to hold up the main span. The Brooklyn Bridge.
Samuel F. B. Morse
took out a patent on telegraphy. He devised a code of short and long electrical impulses to represent the letters of the alphabet.
Alexander Graham Bell
patented the "talking telegraph" . we know it as the phone
Electricity's Impact on Business and Daily Life
the electric sewing machine, first made in 1889, led to the rapid growth of the ready-made clothing industry
Electricity's Impact on Business and Daily Life
electricity made the refrigerator possible. This invention reduced food spoilage and relieved the need to preserve foods by time-consuming means, such as smoking or salting.