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Camera Obscura

darkened enclosure having an opening, through which the light from external objects enters to form an image of the objects on the opposite surface.


a woman who gains attention and admiration of men through flirtatious acts without sincere love or affection


"I think therefore I am"


all knowledge comes from practical experience and experimentation


edited by Diderot, it was a compilation of all the available knowledge - historical, scientific, technical, religious and moral

Femme Savants

learned women. Wealthy, ambitious and clever hostesses competed to attract the cleverest and accomplished persons to their salons where artifice reigned supreme and wittiness was a supreme social virtue

Fete Galante

an amorous festival painting-usually outdoors

French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture

set the standard for the classical style permitted in France. Its aim was the glorification of the monarchy

Grand Manner Portraiture

"elevated the sitter" by conveying refinement and elegance

Grand Tour

a pilgrimage of aristocrats, wealthy and diplomatic persons to tour the important area of Europe to obtain the knowledge and classical culture.


town houses in Paris


a concept of historical 'consciousness' in which people reject established ideas and conventions and encourage momentous change. It implies a distinction between past and present

Natural Man

people living a primitive state without the arts, sciences, society and civilization, which had corrupted them.


was inspired by the classical motifs, subjects, and decorations. It s virtues were morality, idealism patriotism and civic virtue. Its inspiration came from the excavation of Pompeii and Herculaneum


an English philosopher and mathematician who discovered the laws of gravity and motion and is responsible for the mechanistic view of the universe


changed to heroism bestowed by the virtues of courage and resolution, patriotism, and self sacrifice rather than aristocratic birth


advanced thinkers in France who shared the conviction that the ills of humanity could be remedied by applying reason and common sense to human problems


quaint, charming

Pousinistes vs Rubenista

The struggle between the belief that form was more important than color. Color carried the day in the Rococo era


a style primarily of interior design which appeared in France around 1700. These interiors featured lavish decoration, fine furniture, wall paintings and reliefs. Rococo means shell or pebble


said "Man is by nature good...he is depraved and perverted by society""Man is born free, but is everywhere in chains


center of 17th century social life. These were dominated by women.


a work which holds up human vices and follies to ridicule and scorn


sweet, sincere, sympathetic, and tender emotions so called "natural"

The Age of Reason (Enlightenment)

1750-1850 doctrine which was predicated on an belief that there was an universal order in the universe

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