first, trans fatty acids are not essential and provide ___ ___ ___ to human health, whether from animals or plants.
second, while both saturated and trans fats increase levels of LDL, cholesterol, trans fats also lower levels of ___ cholesterol-increasing the risk of ___ ___ ___.
the NAS is concerned that dietary trans fatty acids are more ___ with respect to CHD than saturated fatty acids.
supported by a 2006 NEJM scientific review that states from a nutritional standpoint, the consumption of trans fatty acids results in considerable potential ___ but no apparent ___.
no known benefit
HDL; coronary heart disease