8 - America Secedes from the Empire
Terms in this set (45)
Lexington and Concord
First battle of the Revolutionary War
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Selected to command the army, even though he had never risen above the rank of colonel and his largest command had only been 1200 men
Green Mountain Boys
Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen that made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga
leader of the Green Mountain Boys who, with Benedict Arnold's help, captured Fort Ticonderoga
Military engagement that led King George III to declare the colonists in revolt
the british burned this city in Maine which led to the colonists attack on Canada because they believed adding a 14th colony would deprive Britain of a valuable base
former British officer who captured Montreal for the colonies
Signed in 1774, intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed
Moore's Creek Bridge
Loyalists were defeated by the Patriots, located in North Carolina
colonists defeated invading British fleet in June 1776
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
An aristocracy which arises out of work and competition rather than birth, education, or special privilege.
Richard Henry Lee
leader of the American Revolution who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Patriot leader during the American Revolution and Second President of the United States.
supported rebellion, "whigs"
supported the king, "tories"
a person who takes advantage of a crisis to make money
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Battle of Long Island
Battle in which General Howe moved to NYC. Washington's army was defeated, and they retreated. Over 1000 American deaths.
General William Howe
British commander who hoped the sheer size of his army would convince the Patriots to give up
a British general who commanded the British forces at the Battle of Saratoga
Barry St. Ledger
He was a British general who leaded the third force in Burgoyne's invasion, and would come in Canada from the West
United States general and traitor in the American Revolution
the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution.
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
its basic principles were, no political connection, no military connection, only commercial connection
Catherine the Great
organized the Armed Neutrallity that lined up all of Europe's neutrals in passive hostility against England
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown
American general of Rhode Island, helped to turn the tide against Cornwallis and his British army, used geography of land
1777- Indians went on a scalping spree
Mohawk leader who supported the British during the American Revolution.
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
Treaty between Iroquois and U.S. - First U.S./Indian Nation treaty
George Rogers Clark
the patriot who seized British forts on the southwestern frontier
General who was sent to America who surrendered Yorktown to the colonists, which signified the end of the Revolutionary War.
Loyalist, NYC printer who stayed after the war and published Baron Von Steuben's book
Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies that formally ended the American Revolutionary War