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Q3 SS Exam Review March 2013
Terms in this set (81)
Hudson Bay- be able to locate on a map
A large inland sea to the north of the province of Ontario
St. Lawrence River - be able to locate on a map
A river in North America that flows from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
Canadian Shield - be able to locate on a map
Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape, hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers, Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a pact that unites Canada, Mexico, and the United States in one of the world's largest free-trade zones. It became effective in 1989.
What is a command economy?
An economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions such as what to make, how many to make, and who can make it.
What is a mixed market economy?
This type of economy is based on private ownership of goods and services but government promotes and regulates some parts of the economy
What are trade barriers?
Any restriction that makes trade difficult or impossible.
Give examples of trade barriers.
Tariffs, quotas, embargoes, and even physical barriers like mountains
Who is Canada's most important trading partner?
the United States
Why is the US Canada's biggest trading partner?
We share a border 3,000 miles long
Why do 90% of Canadians live within 200 miles of the US border?
The weather is warmer and most of the large cities and jobs are close to the border.
Why are the Great Lakes important to both Canada and the US?
They are a great source of fresh water and good for trade and transportation.
What is specialization?
When people, businesses, and/or nations concentrate on goods and services that they can produce better and faster than anyone else.
Why is the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil being cut down?
People want both the land for farming, ranching, and the wood to sell.
Which landform covers over half of Brazil?
The Amazon Rainforest
What is Venezuela's most valuable natural resource?
Why does Venezuela continue to drill for oil even though it is harmful to the environment?
The country makes most of it's money from the sale of oil.
What type of environmental issue is found in Mexico City?
What causes the air pollution in Mexico City?
car and factory exhausts AND due to the city sitting in a bowl shaped valley - an ancient volcano
What are the environmental concerns of Canada?
acid rain, regulating mining, and conserving timber
Why is the Canadian Shield so important to Canada's economy?
there are many valuable mineral deposits there to sell to other countries or to fuel industry in Canada
What are some of Canada's natural resources?
forests, fresh water, and minerals like gold, nickel, silver, and copper
What is an autocratic government?
Government in which a single ruler has unlimited power.
Name an example of a country with an autocratic government.
What type of economy does Cuba have? Most autocratic governments have this type of economy.
Who is the monarch of Canada?
Queen Elizabeth II
What is a constitutional monarchy?
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
What type of government does Canada have?
What is a Parliamentary Democracy?
government in which voters elect representatives to a legislature (parliament) which chooses a leader (prime minister) to head the government
Why do most people of Latin America speak Spanish and Portuguese?
The Spanish and Portuguese colonized the area hundreds of years ago.
What language is spoken in Brazil?
Portuguese because the area was colonized by Portugal.
Why do most people in Brazil live along the coastline?
It provides easy transportation, and there is a lot of tourism and fishing done along the coastline.
Why is Latin America so culturally diverse?
The intermarriage of Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans.
persons of mixed European and Indian ancestry
people with both African and European ancestry
How did Canada gain its independence from England (Great Britain)?
After WWI, Canada began to want more self control of their affairs. They began to work toward independence through peaceful negotiations and in 1931, the British Parlilament granted independence to Canada.
What are the two official languages of Canada?
English and French
What language and culture is prominant in Quebec? Why?
French. France settled that area of Canada.
Why are people of Quebec called seperatists?
A lot of citizens in Quebec do not want to be part of Canada. They want to "spearate" and become their own country.
Which country does the United States have an embargo against?
What is an embargo?
a government order preventing trade with another country
What were some results of the Cuban Revolution?
Cuba became a communist country, became "friends" with the Soviet Union, and lost relations with the US
What is a traditional economy?
an economy in which people exchange goods and services
What type of government does Cuba have?
Led by a dictator, only one political party is allowed, citizens are required to vote.
What type of government does Mexico have?
is a federal republic, led by a president elected by the people
Which economic system would allow competition between companies?
What are the effects of acid rain?
Acid rain is rain mixed with pollution. It is caused by moisture and pollution coming together. Collects in lakes, ponds, kills fish and eats away at buildings
a major mountain system of the United
States and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico.
What is an advantage of specialization?
Companies can produce more, in less time and for less money The more successful companies are, the better the economy of that country.
How can specialization be a detriment to a country's economy?
A country which depends on only one or two industries for their income, the economy can suffer if you run out of that product or the product is no longer needed by other countries.
The Great Lakes- be able to locate on a map
A chain of freshwater lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) located in eastern North America, on the Canada- United States border. They form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth.
What are the causes of air pollution in Mexico?
The extremely high population of Mexico City, the pollution emitted from factories and cars, and the geography of the city...located in a bowl-shaped crater which doesn't allow the pollution to escape.
What is the impact of air pollution in Mexico
Mexican government is trying to increase the number of cars that produce little or no air pollution; limiting the number of days a person may use their vehicle
What is the cause of deforestion in the Amazon Rainforest?
Trees are being cut down at an alarming rate for profit; for the wood itself or the plants and rubber that they provide.
What is the impact of deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest?
Unless the cutting down of trees slows, many native populations who depend on the forest for their food, clothing, and shelter may suffer. Many plants which produce drugs for treating disease will become extinct. Animals which are only found in the rainforest may be endangered.
What is the cause of pollution in Venezuela?
The production of oil and natural gas has led to oil spills and tanker leaks have damaged the environment. This produces a lot of carbon dioxide which causes breathing problems for children and the elderly.
What is the impact of oil pollution in Venezuela?
The coast along the Caribbean Sea has been polluted with oil. Due to the large amount of oil removed from nearby areas, the land in the area is changing. The shore of the lake is dropping.
What are the causes of acid rain in Canada?
exhaust from cars, waste from factories
What is the impact of acid rain in Canada?
kills plants, damages trees, pollute the lakes and rivers enough to kill fish, and damages property like statues
What are the causes of the pollution of the Great Lakes?
Waste from factories along the U.S./Canadian borders
What is the impact of the pollution of the Great Lakes?
pollution can kill the fish of the lakes, pollute the waters, and negatively affect the economies of the U.S. and Canada
What is the reason for extraction of natural resources from the Canadian Shield?
Canada's most valuable natural resources are found in the Canadian Shield like gold, silver, copper, zince, lead, iron ore, uranium, etc. Mining provides at least 1.5 million jobs in Canada.
Impact of extraction of natural reources from the Canadian Shield.
Mining is messy work and damages the environment and the health of the miners; but it also is important to the economy of Canada.
Which two European countries contributed most to the languages of Latin America?
Spain and Portugal
What two countries most influenced Canada?
Great Britain and France
Which condition makes it easy for Canada to trade with the United States?
The countries share a border over 3,000 miles long.
Rocky Mountains- be able to locate on a map
A major mountain system of the United states and Canada, extending 3,000 miles from Alaska south to New Mexico
Pacific Ocean- be able to locate on a map
the largest ocean, lying west of the continents of North and South America, and east of the continents of Asia and Australia
Atlantic Ocean- be able to locate on a map
the 2nd largest ocean
How can the influence from Great Britain and France be seen in Canada today?
French and English are the two official languages of Canada today and most of Canada's citizens are Roman Catholic.
Why does Quebec desire secession?
The people of Quebec believe that they cannot keep its French language and culture in a country where most people have English as a first language.
What type of government does Brazil have?
A Federal Republic and Presidential Democracy
What is a Presidential Democracy?
Voters elect members of legislature and leader (president)
Who led a revolt during the Cuban Revolution?
Fidel Castro led a group of rebels against Fulgencio Batista and made himself dictator in 1959.
What was a lasting impact of the Cuban Revolution?
Fidel Castro organized a communist government and allowed the Soviet Union to build a missile launching complex in Cuba. Missiles launched from this site could reach US cities. The United States placed an embargo on Cuban goods which is still in effect today.
What factors determine how people in Brazil trade?
Brazil's location on the Atlantic Ocean and its closeness to the Panaman Canal greatly influence trade with other countries. There are 7 major seaports on the coast.
What factors determine where people live in Brazil?
Most Brazilians live along the eastern, coastal areas. 85% of Brazilians live in urban areas (cities) and work in service industries. The Amazon Rainforest keep people from living in the interior of the country.
What factors determine how people in Canada trade?
Canada easily trades with the United States due to the 3,000 miles border and Great Lakes that they share.
What factors determine where people live in Canada?
Most Canadians live within 100 miles of the US border in cities where they enjoy a more temperate climate. Northern Canada has VERY cold winters and cool summers.
What is the economic importance of the St. Lawrence River and Seaway to Canada?
The St.Lawrence River and Seaway allow goods to be shipped to and from the central part of Canada to the Atlantic Ocean .
What is the economic importance of the Canadian Shield to the economy of Canada?
Beneath the soil of the Canadian Shield are minerals. About 1.5 million Canadians make their living in the mining industry. The minerals are used to make products in Canada and are used by Canadians or sold to other countries.
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