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french musical style started by Vitry characterized by mensural rhythm, use of duple and triple note divisions, smaller note values, syncopation
repetition in a voice part (usually the tenor) of an extended pattern of durations throughout a section or an entire composition
Roman de Fauvel
allegorical narrative poem satirizing political and religious corruption; main character (horse) embodies seven deadly sins
consists of 3 stanzas; form of each stanza is aabC (aabC-aabC-aabC) with stanzas usually ending in open cadences except for the third and final one
3 stanzas; refrain uses same music as the last section of the stanza melody
has only one stanza; first half of refrain returns midway through the piece between the a sections (AB a A ab AB)
double leading tone cadence
cadence popular in which the bottom voice moves down a whole tone and the upper voices move up a semitone
escape tone cadence (Landini cadence)
cadence in which tenor descends by a step, upper voice descends a step then jumps up a third
Guillaume de Machaut
leading composer of French Ars Nova; wrote Messe de Notre Dame (first surviving complete polyphonic ordinary setting of the mass)
style of polyphony characterized by complexity in rhythm and notation; more intricate and chromatic than ars nova
name for thirteen hundreds in Italian; music accompanied all aspects of life; polyphony enters Italy as secular music
song for 2-3 voices without accompaniment; all voices sing same text; pastoral topics; consist of 2 or more three line stanzas followed by a ritornello
"to hunt"; when a popular melody is set in strict canon to lively, graphically descriptive words; Tosto che l'alba
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