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Max Weber

German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920)


The process by which a group, organization, or social movement increasingly relies on technical-rational decision making in the pursuit of efficiency.

protestant ethic and spirit of capitalism

Book written by Weber. Important theory of the origin of modern industrial capitialism

georges sorel

Was the main intellectual French exponent of syndicalism. Called for a General Strike to force the issues.

reflections on violence

written in 1908 by Georges Sorel - argued that people do not pursue rationally perceived goals but are led to action by collectively shared ideals

arthur de gobineau

Reactionary French diplomat who was the first to say race was the major determining factor of human history. Racist.

essay on the inequality of the human races

written by Gobineau. in it he potrayed the troubles of western society as the result of the long degeneration of the original Aryans

houston stewart chamberlain

This man was the writer of The Foundations of the Ninteenth Century and believed in Aryan Superiority.

foundations of the 19th century

By Chamberlain, started the concept of biological determinism through race. With genetics, the human race could be improved and a superior race could be developed.

theodor herzl

German Jewish Politician who advocated the policy of Zionism and the creation of a nation state for all Jewish people.


a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine

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