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75 terms

Computer terms for elementary students

Basic computer terms.
STUDY
PLAY
Internet
A computer network that offers email and service to millions of users around the world. A collection of all the websites around the world, creating a web of computers and programs, sort of like a spider's web
The Web
Another way of saying the Internet; the World Wide Web. The "information highway"
Website
A place on the internet where you can get information, see pictures or videos, find maps, learn new things
Webpage
Part of a website
Computer program
The special codes or directions that make a computer work
Network
A group of computers that work together or share information
Program
A tool or package of directions on the computer that are put together for a special purpose, like Study Island or Accelerated Reader, or Google Docs
Enter
To type in or to send a message, click ENTER key
Tab
Click to move through a document or to a new location in it
File
Something you create on the computer. Document. Work
Document
A typed work you create on the computer. Your work. Sometimes called a "word document."
Spreadsheet
Special document created to hold lists or keep track of numbers. Has rows and columns.
Data
Information or work in a document
Characters
Letters, numbers, or symbols---what you type
Text
Words in a document, what you type
Cursor
A blinking line that shows your location in a document
Edit
Change or correct
Select
Choose, highlight
Select All ctrl+A (A for all)
Choose all
Highlight
Select by holding down mouse button and rolling over a section to "highlight" it
Start menu
"Globe" at bottom with collection of shortcuts to websites or programs
Breadcrumbs
Pathway. String of steps to follow to get to a website Directions.
URL
Universal Resource Locator or website name
Scroll
Move up or down a page on the screen
Dropdown menu
At an arrow, click to see choices
Tabs
A way to have more than one page open at the same time
Windows
Another way to have more than one page open at the same time; also the name of an operating system, what make the computer run.
Ctrl+alt+delete
Part of the logging on or starting up process
Log in
The way to get "into" or access the computer
Username
Specific name for the user of a computer
Password
Secret code for each user; at the school media center, the password to enter each computer is "lab" which is short for "computer lab."
Save
To save your work or a document on the computer; it has to be named first
Save As
Naming your work or document before saving it on the computer. Choose your name for the document carefully so the computer can find the work later for you
X out of that
Means to click on the X and leave that program or close that work
Close at the Red X
Part of logging off. You have to Close each tab or window.
Sign off
Important step in leaving a website where you have a personal private account and need to keep your own work safe and private.
Do not log off!
Sometimes you do not log off so that the next user can get to work more quickly on the same website.
Do not shut down!
Sometimes you do not shut down because another user is coming and it will take too long to re-start or re-boot the computer
Copy
ctrl+C (c for copy) Shortcut for copying typing or pictures from one document or website to another
Paste
ctrl+V (v for Velcro) Shortcut for pasting or "sticking with Velcro" something that you are moving from another document or website to another
Cut
ctrl+x Shortcut Remove a highlighted part of text
Font
What the typing looks like---the style of the letters
Font size (pixels)
The size of the letters you type
B Bold
Making letters darker
I Italics
Making letter slanty
U Underline
Underlining words
Folder
A place to keep files or work together. Usually for work that is on the same subject or topic. A folder gets a name too.
My Documents
A collection of your files and your folders, your work
Firefox Mozilla
One of the tools or programs that runs a computer and connects it to the Internet. Others like this are Chrome and Internet Explorer.
Email
Electronic mail. One way to "talk to" or communicate with someone else on the "web"
The Cloud
Cyberspace. Having to do with the Internet. An imaginary place.
Cloud Computing
Saving your work and working on it "in the cloud" of cyberspace, instead of saving it to one computer only
Google Docs
Documents created in "the cloud"
Google Apps
A collection of tools that use "the cloud"
Sites
Short for websites created with Google Apps, often including Google Docs
Share
The way to share your work with someone else in the Google Docs system (This is different from emailing your work)
Netiquette
Using good manners on the Internet. "Etiquette" means good manners. Net + etiquette = Netiquette
Social network
A place to communicate with or "talk to" other people online. Examples are My Space and Facebook and Club Penguin.
IM
Instant Messaging—like talking to someone online, but typing your conversation instead. Happens in "real" time---you are both communicating at once.
CPU
Central Processing Unit---gives all directions to your computer
Monitor
Computer screen. An output device.
Printer
Machine that prints what the computer directs it to. An output device.
Print
To make a hard copy of work
Keyboard
Place to type on. An Input device.
Mouse
Piece of equipment that helps us move around the screen. An input device.
Click
Tap on screen with mouse---left or right buttons do different things.
Hard drive
Inside the tower or box, part of the CPU, this has the "guts" of the equipment to run the computer and store the programs and files
Flash drive or jump drive or thumb drive
Piece of equipment you can store files on and physically move to another computer
CD (Compact Disc) or DVD (Digital Versatile Disc)
Piece of equipment you can store files on and physically move to another computer; holds less data or information than the flash drive or jump drive or thumb drive
Viruses
Harmful programs that tell your computer to do destructive things that damage your computer or files and documents.
Download
Program that let's you receive data
or documents from another computer
Upload
Program that let's you send data
or documents to another computer
Database
An organized collection of information online
Spell check
Tool that check for misspelled words
Search
A method for finding information