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a practitioner of chiropractic, a conservative science of applied neurophysiology; chiropractic theory is that irritation of the nervous system is the cause of disease
any substance administered internally that has a different opacity from soft tissue, allowing visualization of structures on radiography or CT
curette or curet:
spoon-shaped surgical instrument for removing tissue from a cavity wall or other bodily surface
used in the Social History to refer to the fact the patient denies the use of alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs
a powerful disinfectant gas, used in water as a fluid to preserve tissue removed at surgery for pathologic evaluation, same as formaldehyde
trade name for absorbable gelatin sponge; sterile, they are used in surgery to stop the flow of blood
low area, trough, or groove (posterior gutter: area deep and low in the chest where fluid accumulates when in the erect position)
rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage, allowing contents to protrude through it, putting pressure of the spinal nerve roots; can cause pain
2+ knee and ankle jerks:
this phrase to the sudden reflex or involuntary movements made when the examiner uses a rubber hammer to tap the reflex points of the knees and ankles; part of the neurologic exam; in this case they are graded as 2+, which means average or normal
lumbar spine and sacral spine; denotes space between 5th lumbar vertebrae and 1st sacral vertebra
lateral recess syndrome:
in spinal anatomy, the lateral recess is within the spinal cord; narrowing of the lateral recess causes compression of the nerve roots, which causes pain the back and legs and difficulty walking
band of yellow elastic tissue that assists in maintaining or regaining the erect position between 2 adjoining vertebrae (sometimes called yellow ligament)
when an examiner lightly strokes a part of the body, such as the extremities, to determine the patient's ability to feel; used in evaluation of the central nervous system
the record produced by an x-ray of the spinal cord obtained after injection of dye into the spinal cord
the inward displacement of the nipple below the level of the surrounding breast tissue
a smear of cells taken from the vagina or cervix to be studied for evidence of cancer; named for Dr. George N. Papanicolaou, 1883 to 1962
when the examiner actually pricks a patient's skin with a sharp point to determine feeling; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
pain along an area of distribution of a specific nerve or nerves caused by pressure on the nerve root; pain may be felt in the low back or legs or, in cervical radicular pain, in one or both arms
nerve root exiting from the spinal cord and passing through the vertebra of the sacral spine, 1st vertebra
in physical examination of the abdomen, the abdominal wall has a concave, or sunken, contour
a sideways deviation of the normally straight vertical line of the spine (S-shaped spine)
the examiner observes the patient's ability to raise the legs; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater, 2 of the layers of membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
Tylenol with codeine:
brand name anti-inflammatory pain reliever with narcotic taken for relief of moderate to severe pain
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