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Motivating Forces For Exploration

1. economic - gold and natural resources

2. spread of Christianity

Obstacles to Exploration

1. poor maps and navigational tools

2. Disease/starvaton

3. lack of adequate supplies

Accomplishments of Exploration

1. improved navagational tools and ships

2. exchanged goods and ideas

3. land ownership

Areas of Conflict with American Indians

1. differences in cultures

2. claimed territories

Where were Ghana, Mali and Songhai located

in West Africa south of Sahara on the Niger River

How did the West African empires become so powerful?

They controlled trade in West Africa

When did the West African Empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhai exist?

between 300-1600 AD

For what did the West African empires trade their gold?

metal, cloth and manufactured European goods

American Indians believed that land was to be......

shared or used but not owned

What was the motivating force for European exploration?

spread of Christianity

What European country made voyages of discovery to West Africa?


What settlement did Samual de Champlain establish for France?


How did Ghana, Mali, and Songhai become powerful between 300 and 1600 AD?

They controlled West African trade

Which country brought Christianity to the New World?


With whom did the Europeans conduct trade in the New World?

American Indians

Where were the empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhai located?

south of the Sahara Desert, near the Niger River

Poorly built ships was an obstacle to European exploration - True or False?


What famous explorer claimed the land of the southwest United States for Spain?

Francisco Coronado

How did the American Indians help the English with their settlements?

taught them new farming techniques

Which European country conquered and enslaved American Indians in North and South America?


The Portugese traded European metal, ccloth and other goods for West Africa's......


What river valley did Robert La Salle claim for France?

Mississippi River Valley

What is the belief in cultural superiority?

believing your own culture is better than any other culture

What Englishman explored eastern Canada?

John Cabot

Who explored land for England and claimed land for this country?

John Cabot

Who explored land for Spain and claimed land for this country?

Francisco Coronado

Who explored land for France and claimed land for this country?

Robert LaSalle and Samuel de Champlain

What region of North America did John Cabot explore?

Eastern Canada

What region of North America did Francisco Coronado explore?

Southwest United States

What region of North America did Robert LaSalle explore?

Mississippi River Valley

What regioin of North America did Samuel de Champlain explore?

Central Canada/Quebec

How did John Cabot interact with the American Indians?

traded, learned farming, claimed land and settled land

How did Francisco Coronado interact with the American Indians?

conquered and enslaved, brought Christianity and brought disease

How did Robert LaSalle and Samuel de Champlain interact with the American Indians?

traded (trading posts) and spread Christianity

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