14 terms

Aseptic Technique in the Surgical Suite

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What is aseptic technique?
The precautions taken to prevent contamination thus infection that can lead to delayed post-operative healing
Define contamination:
micro-organisms are present but not necessarily infective
The factors of infection are:
# of microorganisms, virulence of microorganisms, susceptibility of animal, and route of exposure
Rules of Aseptic Technique are to minimize contamination to:
the operative personnel, surgery instruments, equipment, patient, and surgical environment
Be aware of what is sterile and what isn't. If in question...
assume it is non-sterile.
Restrict body movements in the surgery suite to...
reduce air currents. Think dust and hair.
Sterilization is:
the destruction of all microorganisms on a surface or object
Disinfection is:
the destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms on non-living objects. Classified according to spectrum of activity.
Antisepsis is:
the destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms on animate objects. Used during skin preparation.
What are the different methods or modes of action for asepsis:
Physical or chemical
Asepsic method or mode depends on:
temp., concentration, organisms, surfaces, organic debris, and method of application
Chemical method of asepsis examples:
soaps, detergents, disinfectants, and gases
Physical methods of asepsis examples:
dry heat, moist heat, radiation, filtration, and ultrasonic vibration
All members assisting in surgery should have:
scrubs w/short sleeves, cap, mask, gown, gloves, and shoe coverings on.