Aseptic Technique in the Surgical Suite
What is aseptic technique?
The precautions taken to prevent contamination thus infection that can lead to delayed post-operative healing
micro-organisms are present but not necessarily infective
The factors of infection are:
# of microorganisms, virulence of microorganisms, susceptibility of animal, and route of exposure
Rules of Aseptic Technique are to minimize contamination to:
the operative personnel, surgery instruments, equipment, patient, and surgical environment
Be aware of what is sterile and what isn't. If in question...
assume it is non-sterile.
Restrict body movements in the surgery suite to...
reduce air currents. Think dust and hair.
the destruction of all microorganisms on a surface or object
the destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms on non-living objects. Classified according to spectrum of activity.
the destruction of most pathogenic microorganisms on animate objects. Used during skin preparation.
What are the different methods or modes of action for asepsis:
Physical or chemical
Asepsic method or mode depends on:
temp., concentration, organisms, surfaces, organic debris, and method of application
Chemical method of asepsis examples:
soaps, detergents, disinfectants, and gases
Physical methods of asepsis examples:
dry heat, moist heat, radiation, filtration, and ultrasonic vibration
All members assisting in surgery should have:
scrubs w/short sleeves, cap, mask, gown, gloves, and shoe coverings on.