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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. -Skinner's concept
    -animals will engage in behavior they were emitting during feeding (i.e. if pigeon was standing on one foot when you put pellets in the cage, it may repeatedly stand on one foot in an effort to get another pellet dropped in the cage)
  2. popularizing idea of operationism, or operational definitions
  3. tendency for people who are evaluating hypotheses to attempt to CONFIRM rather than to DISCONFIRM these hypotheses
    -Wason and colleagues (1971)

3 True/False questions

  1. Karl Popper and falsifiability-scientists should not only confirm or disconfirm their theories, they should seek out tests that could prove their theory wrong
    -Popper converted to school of thought called LOGICAL POSITIVISM (science/philosophy should be based on things that can be observed with absolute certainty & to test theories we should actively try to disprove them)


  2. Bem and self-perception theory-people make use of exactly the same attributional principles they use to understand OTHERS as to understand THEMSELVES
    -showed people who read that if "Bob Dowling" turned nobs for an hour for $1 and said he enjoyed, then he must have enjoyed it (used self-perception theory as alternate explanation for results of Festinger's cognitive dissonance experiment)


  3. Skinner's partial reinforcement effect-tendency for responses to be more resistant to extinction when they are reinforced inconsistently rather than uniformly