Music Test 5
Terms in this set (53)
C.P. E. Bach and J. C. Bach
Early pioneers concentrated on simplicity and clarity
Franz Joseph Haydn
1732-1809—early and mid-Classical Period Austrian composer (long life)
Talent recognized earlyAge 8—sent to Vienna to be a choir boy
Dismissed from school—voice changed
Worked in Vienna and continued studies
Esterhazy's composer for 30 years
Employment status as skilled servant
Became famous in Europe at this time
Moved to Vienna at Prince's death
Made concert trip to London
Symphony No. 94 in G Major
Wolfgang A. Mozart
1756-1791 (short life) Austrian sone of a professional musician. Child prodigy at 25 he was a freelance musician in Vienna won emperors favor. Final piece was a requiem finished by a student. Wrote in all classical genres.
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor
Eine kleine Nachtmusik
Piano Concerto No. 23 in A Major
Ludwig V. Beethoven
1770-1827 late Classical German. Son of a professional musician successful freelance musician believed in periods societal changes. Wrote finale piece while totally deaf died in Vienna. Wrote all Classical genres.
String Quartet in C Minor
Symphony No. 5 in C Minor
Born in Vienna when he was 18 he wrote 143 songs at 19 wrote 179 works including two symphonies operas and mass. Wrote over 600 songs.
Composed Czech national music as teenager played in orchestra under Smetana. Got break when Brahms heard him. Urged America to write nationalist music.
Symphony No. 9 in E Minor from the New World
Russian do not start until 21 by 30 had a symphony, opera, tone poem,and 1st great orchestra work. Married and divorced two weeks later supported by patrons and traveled Europe and United States. Wrote symphonies, concerti, overtures, operas, and more. Fused Russian folk music and European style.
German son of a musician at 13 studied music by day/played gigs at night. Friends with Schumann lived with Clara and Robert. Studied earlier composers works in detail considered conservative to his classical forms wrote in all traditional forms except opera.
Symphony No. 3 in F Major
Italian studied in Busseto and Milan supported by patron married a patrons daughter known for opera with political overtones critics hated his scandalous subjects. wrote from middle class love story with unhappy endings powerful music summons up heroes and villains.
Italian know from operas
La Boheme 1st major success
German moved to Paris then back to Germany finally settled in Munich, Bavaria. Lived large off of others ran up debts wrote in may styles famous for opera. Works where large full blown affairs no recitatives and arias just non stop music.
John Work, John Work Jr. and John Work III
Go Tell it on the Mountain
Swing Low, Sweet Chariot
Steal Away to Jesus
German problem with hand ended his ambition treatment made problem worse. Wrote piano, art songs, and later symphonies.
German one of the first well known women composers. Stopped composing after his death and focused on performing his works. Considered herself primarily a performer. Wrote songs, piano pieces, a concerto.
Romance in E Flat Minor for Piano
Polish known for his beautiful tone, rhythmic flexibility and extensive use of pain pedals. Developed personal style at early age.
Nocturne in E Flat Major
Hungarian retired from touring and became court conductor and later took minor holy orders found new ways to exploit piano. Broke away from strict Classical forms. Created symphonic poem.
Felix Mendelssohn/Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
German wrote symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and other works before being teenager. Music avoids emotional extremes. Both elegance and balance.
French wrote unconventional music passionate and unpredictable won Prix de Rome. Worked as music critic one of the first great conductors. Music was imaginative innovative orchestrations.
5th Movement Dream of Witches Sabbath
The Classical Orchestra
Increase in size of orchestra - standard group of four sections
Strings: 1st & 2nd violins, violas, cellos, double bass
Woodwinds: @2 - flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons
Brass: @2 - French horns, trumpets
Percussion - 2 timpani
Composers exploited individual tone colors
Each section had a special role
Strings most important w/ violins taking the melody
Woodwinds added contrasting tone
Horns & trumpets brought power to loud passages
Timpani used for rhythmic bite and emphasis
4 parts (in order) of the Classical String Quartet
2 violins, viola, cello
Music using a small group of musicians with one player to a part
Became the musical capital of Europe
Musicians came to study and seek recognition
Aristocrats wintering there would bring their orchestras
Musicians, including Mozart and Beethoven, frequently played gigs in wealthy homes
Many musicians also worked in serenading street bands
Theme & Variation
Single part form no large contrasting B section. Basic idea presented and then repeated over and over. Each repeat alters the musical idea. Each variation is about the same length as the original idea. Variations may alter melody, harmony, thyme, dynamics, timbre, or all.
4 mvts of Classical Symphony (in order)
1st Fast—frequently Sonata form
2nd Slow—often Sonata form, sometimes Theme and Variations
3rd Dance—usually Minuet and Trio or scherzo (fast, dance-like) form
4th Fast—frequently Sonata or Rondo form
Work for instrumental soloist and orchestra lasting 20-45 minutes.
Male singer castrated before puberty to retain high voice range. Most important Baroque period.
Piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but its part of a larger composition.
Music marked by emotional resistant, balance, and clarity.
Music with a national identity
Intentionally imply foreign culture. Frequent in operas with foreign settings.
Association with a story/poem/idea/scene. Understanding the music enhanced through reading program or viewing associated work.
Instrumental music having no intended association with a story, poem, idea, or scene non program music.
Features a tuneful main theme which returns over and over
Lively, pleasing and simple to remember
Main theme alternates with other contrasting sections
A typically 19th-century German art song characterized by the setting of a poetic text in either strophic or through-composed style and the treatment of the piano and voice in equal artistic partnership
Composition for solo voice and piano. Accompaniment integral part of the song. Liked to vast amount of poetry in this period. Composers interpreted poems, translating atmosphere and imagery into music.
Group of songs unified unified in some manner. Storyline or musical idea may link the songs.
Mass for dead
slow, lyrical, intimate piece for piano.
Single melody used in several movements of a long work to represent a recurring idea.
Short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, characteristics of the operas of Wagner.
Songs slave would sing as they worked
Music intended to be performed before and during a play, setting the mood for the drama.
Symphony related to a story, idea, or scene, in which each movement usually has a descriptive title; often found in romantic music.
Vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each stance of a poem.
New music each verse sometimes modified strophic form used.